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Undergraduate Program

Degree Requirements: Biology

Undergraduate Concentration Requirements for Biology Majors

Important: Please note the following changes to the schedule of course offerings in Biology.

The biology major consists of eleven courses, including two courses in chemistry or physics and nine biology courses. Of the nine biology courses, at least five courses must be taken at Tufts, and seven courses must be completed with a grade of C- or better. All biology courses for the major must be numbered 13 or higher and must be 3 SHUs or more (including related field courses). No major course may be taken pass/fail.

Specific courses which satisfy the biology major requirements, are as follows:

I. Required Core Courses
Biology 13 w/Lab: Cells and Organisms
Biology 14 w/Lab: Organisms and Populations
Biology 41: General Genetics
II. One Course in Biology of Cells ("Group A")
Bio 46: Cell Biology
Bio 61: Biology of Aging
Bio 62: Molecular Biotechnology
Bio 103: Developmental Biology
Bio 104: Immunology
Bio 105: Molecular Biology
Bio 106: Microbiology Lecture
Bio 143: Evolutionary Biology
Bio 152: Biochemistry & Cellular Metabolism
Bio 162: Introduction to Biotechnology
Bio 163: Recombinant DNA Technology
Bio 171: Biochemistry I
Bio 172: Biochemistry II
Bio 178: Seminar in Immunology
Bio 184: Topics in Developmental Biology
Bio 188: Seminar in Molecular Biology and Genetics
Bio 190: Seminar in DNA: Structure to Function
Bio 243: Seminar in Molecular/Cellular Biology

Note:

  • Any biology course taken can only satisfy one group requirement (A, B, C, or Q.)
III. One Course in Biology of Organisms ("Group B")
Bio 75: Comparative Vertebrate Physiology
Bio 108: Plant Development
Bio 110: Endocrinology
Bio 115: General Physiology I
Bio 116: General Physiology II
Bio 117: Physiology of Movement
Bio 118: Plant Physiology
Bio 134: Neurobiology
Bio 186: Seminar in Field Endocrinology
Bio 246: Topics in Physiology of Animal Behavior

Note:

  • Any biology course taken can only satisfy one group requirement (A, B, C, or Q.)
IV. One Course in Biology of Populations ("Group C")
Bio 44: Primate Social Behavior
Bio 106: Microbiology
Bio 130: Animal Behavior
Bio 133: Ecological Statistics & Data w/ Lab
Bio 135: Ecology of Animal Movement
Bio 142: Population & Community Ecology
Bio 143: Evolutionary Biology
Bio 144: Principles of Conservation Biology
Bio 164: Marine Biology
Bio 179: Seminar in Marine Biology
Bio 180 Seminar in Conservation Biology
Bio 181: Tropical Ecology & Conservation
Bio 182: Chimpanzee Behavioral Ecology
Bio 183: Seminar in Darwinian Medicine
Bio 185: Food4All- Ecology, Biotechnology & Sustainability
Bio 244: Seminar in Evolutionary Ecology

Note:

  • Any biology course taken can only satisfy one group requirement (A, B, C, or Q.)
V. One Course in Quantitative Biology ("Group Q")
Bio 40/Comp 7: Bioinformatics
Bio 117: Physiology of Movement
Bio 119: Biophysics
Bio/Math 121: Mathematical Neuroscience
Bio 132: Biostatistics †
Bio 133: Ecological Statistics and Data w/Lab
Bio 143: Evolutionary Biology
Bio 173: R for Biologists
Bio 263: Bioinformatics and Genome Analysis
BME 141: Analytical Tools for Biomedical Engineering
PSY 31: Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences †
CEE 006: Fundamentals of Biostatistics †
CEE 154: Principles of Epidemiology
CEE 156: Principles of Biostatistics
CEE 194: Special Topics – Remote Sensing
Comp 167: Computational Biology
GIS 101: Intro to GIS
GIS 102: Advanced GIS

Notes:

  • Any biology course taken can only satisfy one group requirement (A, B, C, or Q.)
  • Only one introductory statistics course can be used to fulfill the biology major (noted with †.)
VI. Advanced Laboratory Course
Bio 40/Comp 7: Bioinformatics
Bio 44: Primate Social Behavior
Bio 49: Experiments in Physiology
Bio 50: Experiments in Molecular Biology
Bio 51: Experiments in Ecology
Bio 52: Experiments in Cell Biology
Bio 54: Molecular Genetics Projects Lab
Bio 55: Microbiome Research Lab
Bio 107: Microbiology Lab (must be taken with Bio 106)
Bio 133: Ecological Statistics and Data w/ Lab
Bio 143: Evolutionary Biology
Bio 163: Recombinant DNA Techniques
Bio 168: Biotechnology Projects Laboratory
Bio 181: Tropical Ecology and Conservation
Bio 193/194: Independent Research
Bio 199: Senior Honors Thesis
VII & VIII. Two Electives
Choose 2 unused courses from the lists above or including the following options:
Bio 131: Principles of Medical Imaging
Bio 174: Biomaterials & Tissue Engineering
Bio 193/194: Independent Research
Bio 195: Topics in Biology (fulfills credit at the discretion of instructor)
Bio 196: Selected Topics (fulfills credit at the discretion of instructor)
Bio 199 A/B: Senior Honors Thesis

Notes:

  • Beginning with the Class of 2022, only courses taught in biology or cross-listed in biology will count as electives, even if they are listed on this document.
  • Advanced laboratory courses can count as electives as long as the advanced laboratory course(s) was (were) not also used to satisfy a group A, B, C, or Q requirement.
  • Only one introductory statistics course (noted with † in Section V) can be used to fulfill the biology major.
  • Bio 193 or Bio 194 (but not both) may be used as one of the two electives for the Biology major. A student can take Bio 193 and count it as an advanced lab and then take Bio 194 and have it count as an elective.
  • Bio 195 and 196: Not all selected topics courses can contribute to major requirements and/or distribution requirements. Please ask the instructor for further information.
  • Bio 199 may be used as one of the two electives for the biology major.
IX. Related Field Courses: Two Courses in Chemistry OR Two Courses in Physics
Choose 2 of the following chemistry courses OR 2 of the following physics courses:
Chem 1: Chemical Fundamentals w/Lab
Chem 2: Chemical Principles w/Lab
Chem 11: General Chemistry
Chem 12: General Chemistry
Chem 51: Organic Chemistry I
Chem 52: Organic Chemistry II
Physics 1: introductory Physics w/Lab
Physics 2: Introductory Physics w/Lab
Physics 11: General Physics I w/Lab
Physics 12: General Physics II w/Lab

Research Courses

(NOT REQUIRED)

Bio 93/94: Introduction to Research
Guided independent laboratory research. Students are expected to work at least ten hours per week on a project, in close collaboration with the project supervisor. He or she should begin to become familiar with the scientific literature by reading scientific papers and should develop an understanding of the basic conceptual context of the research. At the end of the semester, the student is required to write a 5 to 10-page paper reporting his/her research results. The prerequisites for this course are permission of the research mentor and subsequent course coordinator.

Note: This class does not satisfy the requirement for the laboratory or course requirements for the biology major but is counted toward summa cum laude honors.

Bio 193/194: Independent Research
This course is designed to provide students with an intensive experience in laboratory or field research. It is normally taken after a student has had some prior research experience (e.g. Bio 93/94). The student is expected to devote at least 15 hours per week to laboratory work, although often more time is necessary. Participants should take an active role in the design and execution of experiments and in the analysis and interpretation of data. At the end of the semester, the student is required to write a detailed report (8 to 15 pages) following the style of a scientific manuscript, and to give an oral presentation on the results to a committee composed of four faculty members of the Biology Department and the research mentor.
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing, Bio 93 or 94 or equivalent and prior consent of research mentor and course coordinator.

Note: Bio 193 or Bio 194 (but not both) may be used as one of the two electives for the biology major. A student can take Bio 193 and count it as an advanced lab and then take Bio 194 and have it count as an elective.

Bio 199: Senior Thesis Honors
The honors thesis involves intensive laboratory or field research and includes independent design and analysis of experiments and a detailed understanding of the project background and current literature. A written thesis and oral defense is presented in the spring semester of the senior year. Application to do a senior honors thesis is normally made during the student's sixth semester. Applicants should have received at least three grades of A toward satisfying the concentration requirements for the biology major and should have a cumulative average of at least 3.30.
Prerequisites: Biology 193 or 194 or equivalent and prior consent of the course coordinator.

Note: Bio 199 may be used as one of the two electives for the biology major.