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Publications

Behavior

Levin, M., and Yuste, R., (2022), Modular cognition, Aeon Essays
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Yuste, R., and Levin, M., (2021), New Clues about the Origins of Biological Intelligence, Scientific American, December 2021
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Abramson, C., and Levin, M., (2021), Behaviorist Approaches to Investigating Memory and Learning: A Primer for Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering, Communicative & Integrative Biology, 14(1): 230-247
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Fields, C., Glazebrook, J. F., and Levin, M., (2021), Minimal physicalism as a scale-free substrate for cognition and consciousness, Neuroscience of Consciousness, 2021(2): niab013
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Murugan, N., Kaltman, D., Jin, H., Chien, M., Flores, R., Nguyen, C., Tuzoff, D., Minabutdinov, A., Kane, A., Novak, R., Ingber, D., and Levin, M. (2021), Mechanosensation Mediates Long-Range Spatial Decision-Making in an Aneural Organism, Advanced Materials, 2008161
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Levin, M., (2021), Life, death, and self: Fundamental questions of primitive cognition viewed through the lens of body plasticity and synthetic organisms, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 564: 114-133
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Cairns, D. M., Rusk, W., Levin, M., Rouleau, N., and Kaplan, D., (2021), Learning and synaptic plasticity in 3D bioengineered neural tissues, Neuroscience Letters, 750: 135799
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Bongard, J., and Levin, M., (2021), Living things are not (20th Century) machines: updating mechanism metaphors in light of the modern science of machine behavior, Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 9, 10.3389/fevo.2021.650726
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Levin, M., Keijzer, F., Lyon, P., and Arend, D., (2021), Uncovering cognitive similarities and differences, conservation and innovation, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 375 (1820): 20200458
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Pezzulo, G., Lapalme, J., Durant, F., and Levin, M., (2021), Bistability of Somatic Pattern Memories: Stochastic Outcomes in Bioelectric Circuits Underlying Regeneration, Philosophical Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 375: 20190765
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Lyon, P., Keijzer, F., Arendt, D., and Levin, M., (2021), Reframing cognition: getting down to biological basics, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 376 (1821): 20190750
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Fields, C., and Levin, M., (2020), How Do Living Systems Create Meaning?, Philosophies, 5(4): 36
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Kuchling, F., Friston, K., Georgiev, G., and Levin, M., (2020), Integrating Variational Approaches to Pattern Formation into a Deeper Physics: Reply to comments on "Morphogenesis as Bayesian Inference: A Variational Approach to Pattern Formation and Manipulation in Complex Biological Systems", Physics of Life Reviews, 33:125-128
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Bonzanni, M., Rouleau, N., Levin, M., and Kaplan, D. L., (2020), Optogenetically induced cellular habituation in non-neuronal cells, PLOS One, 15(1):e0227230
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Manicka, S., and Levin, M., (2019), Modeling somatic computation with non-neural bioelectric networks, Scientific Reports 9: 18612, doi:10.1038/s41598-019-54859-8
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Levin, M., (2019), The Computational Boundary of a "Self": developmental bioelectricity drives multicellularity and scale-free cognition, Frontiers in Psychology, in press
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Bonzanni, M., Rouleau, N., Levin, M., and Kaplan, D., (2019), On the generalization of habituation: how discrete biological systems respond to repetitive stimuli, BioEssays, 41(7): 1900028
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Manicka, S., and Levin, M., (2019), The Cognitive Lens: a primer on conceptual tools for analysing information processing in developmental and regenerative morphogenesis, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 374: 20180369
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Moore, D. G., Walker, S. I., and Levin, M., (2018), Pattern Regeneration in Coupled Networks, in T. Ikegami, N. Virgo, O. Witkowski, M. Oka, R. Suzuki and H. Iizuka (Eds.), ALIFE 2018: The 2018 Conference on Artificial Life. MIT Press: Tokyo, p. 204-205.
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Pezzulo, G., and Levin, M., (2018), Embodying Markov blankets. Comment on 'Answering Schrödinger's question: A free-energy formulation' by Maxwell James Désormeau Ramstead et al., Physics of Life Reviews, 24: 32-36
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Vallverdu, J., Castro, O., Mayne, R., Talanov, M., Levin, M., Baluska, F., Gunji, Y., Dussutour, A., Zenil, H., and Adamatzky, A., (2018), Slime mould: the fundamental mechanisms of biological cognition, BioSystems, 165: 57-70
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Herrera-Rincon, C., Pai, V. P., Moran, K. M., Lemire, J. M., and Levin, M., (2017), The brain is required for normal muscle and nerve patterning during early Xenopus development, Nature Communications, 8(1): 587
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Blackiston, D., Vien, K., and Levin, M., (2017), Serotonergic stimulation induces nerve growth and promotes visual learning via posterior eye grafts in a vertebrate model of induced sensory plasticity, npj Regenerative Medicine, 2:8
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Blackiston, D. J., and Levin, M., (2017), Reversals of bodies, brains, and behavior: quantitative analysis of laterality and its disturbance in model species, in L. J. Rogers and G. Vallortigara (Eds.), Lateralized Brain Functions: Methods in Human and Non-human Species, "Neuromethods", W. Walz (Ed.), 122: 667-694
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Baluska, F., and Levin, M., (2016), On Having No Head: Cognition throughout Biological Systems, Frontiers in Psychology, 7: 902, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00902
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Rothman, G., Blackiston, D., and Levin, M., (2016), Color and intensity discrimination in Xenopus laevis tadpoles, Animal Cognition, 19:911-919
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Whiting, J. G. H., Jones, J., Bull, L., Levin, M., and Adamatzky, A., (2016), Towards a physarum learning chip, Scientific Reports, 6:19948 (1-14)
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Blackiston, D. J., Shomrat, T., and Levin, M., (2015), The Stability of Memories During Brain Remodeling: a Perspective, Communicative and Integrative Biology, 8(5): e1073424
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Shomrat, T., and Levin, M., (2013), An automated training paradigm reveals long-term memory in planaria and its persistence through head regeneration, Journal of Experimental Biology, 216(20): 3799-3810
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Blackiston, D. J., and Levin, M., (2013), Inversion of left-right asymmetry alters performance of Xenopus tadpoles in nonlateralized cognitive tasks, Animal Behaviour, 86(2): 459-466
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Blackiston, D. J., and Levin, M., (2013), Ectopic eyes outside the head in Xenopus tadpoles provide sensory data for light-mediated learning, Journal of Experimental Biology, 216(6): 1031-1040
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Blackiston, D. J., and Levin, M., (2012), Aversive training methods in Xenopus laevis: general principles, Cold Spring Harbor Protocols, 2012(5): 521-527
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Blackiston, D., Shomrat, T., Nicolas, C. L., Granata, C., and Levin, M., (2010), A second-generation device for automated training and quantitative behavior analyses of molecularly-tractable model organisms, PLoS One, 5(12): e14370
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Oviedo, N., and Levin, M., (2008), Planarian regeneration model as a context for the study of drug effects and mechanisms, in Planaria: A Model for Drug Action and Abuse, R. B. Raffa & S.M. Rawls (Eds.), RG Landes Co.: Austin, p. 95-104

Nicolas, C.L., Abramson, C.I., and Levin, M. (2008), Analysis of behavior in the planarian model, in Planaria: A Model for Drug Action and Abuse, R. B. Raffa & S.M. Rawls (Eds.), RG Landes Co.: Austin, p. 83-94

Hicks, C., Sorocco, D., and Levin, M., (2006), Automated Analysis of Behavior: A Computer-Controlled System for Drug Screening and the Investigation of Learning. Journal of Neurobiology, 66(9): 977-90
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Levin, M., (1995), The evolution of understanding: A genetic algorithm model of the evolution of animal communication, BioSystems, 36(3): 167-178
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