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Download north-up IAT (2011) image stimuli here.
Download procedural learning (2006) stimuli here.
Download our Reader Questionnaire (2015) here.
For the Gardony Map Drawing Analyzer (GMDA), see
here.
For results of a replication attempt (2009, When you and I share perspectives...), see here. Raw data here.

Download links removed by request of publisher.

Brunye, T. T., Howe, J. L., & Mahoney, C. R. (in press). Seeing the crowd for the bomber: Spontaneous threat perception from static and randomly moving crowd simulations. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, TBD.

Brunye, T. T., Gagnon, S. A., Gardony, A. L., Gopal, N., Holmes, A., Taylor, H. A., & Tenbrink, T. (in press). Where did it come from, where do you go? Direction sources influence navigation decisions during spatial uncertainty. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, TBD. 

Brunye, T. T., Cantelon, J., Holmes, A., Taylor, H. A., & Mahoney, C. R. (in press). Mitigating cutaneous sensation differences during tDCS: Comparing sham versus low intensity control conditions. Brain Stimulation, TBD.

Brunye, T. T., Holmes, A., Cantelon, J., Eddy, M. D., Gardony, A. L., Mahoney, C. R., & Taylor, H. A. (2014). Direct current brain stimulation enhances navigation efficiency in individuals with low spatial sense of direction. NeuroReport, 25, 1175-1179.

Gardony, A. L., Taylor, H. A., & Brunye, T. T. (2014). What does physical rotation reveal about mental rotation? Psychological Science, 25, 605-612.

Giles, G. E., Brunye, T. T., Eddy, M. D., Mahoney, C. R., Gagnon, S. A., Taylor, H. A., & Kanarek, R. B. (2014). Acute exercise increases oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin in the prefrontal cortex. NeuroReport, 25, 1320-1325.

Wang, Q., Taylor, H. A., Brunye, T. T., & Maddox, K. B. (2014). Seeing the forest or the trees: Shifting categorical effects in map memory. Spatial Cognition & Computation, 14, 58-89.

Gagnon, S. A., Brunye, T. T., Gardony, A. L., Noordzij, M. L., Mahoney, C. R., & Taylor, H. A. (2014). Stepping into a map: Initial heading direction influences spatial memory flexibility. Cognitive Science, DOI 10.1111/cogs.12055.

Brunye, T. T., Hayes, J. F., Mahoney, C. R., Gardony, A. L., Taylor, H. A., & Kanarek, R. B. (2013). Get in my belly: Food preferences trigger approach and avoidance postural asymmetries. PLOS One, 8, e72432.

Gardony, A. L., Brunye, T. T., Mahoney, C. R., & Taylor, H. A. (2013). How navigational aids impair spatial memory: Evidence for divided attention. Spatial Cognition & Computation, 13, 319-350.

Taylor, H. A., & Brunye, T. T. (in press). Describing the way out of a cornfield: Understanding cognitive underpinnings of comprehending survey and route spatial descriptions. In T. Tenbrink, J. M. Weiner, & C. Claramunt (Eds.), Representing Space in Cognition: Behaviour, Language, and Formal Models. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Taylor, H. A., & Tenbrink, T. (2013). The spatial thinking of origami: Evidence from think-aloud protocols. Cognitive Processes, 14, 189-191.

Brunye, T. T., Mahoney, C. R., Giles, G. E., Rapp, D. N., Taylor, H. A., & Kanarek, R. B. (2013). Learning to relax: Evaluating four brief interventions for overcoming the negative emotions accompanying math anxiety. Learning and Individual Differences, 27, 1-7.

Giles, G. E., Mahoney, C. R., Brunye, T. T., Taylor, H. A., & Kanarek, R. B. (2013). Caffeine promotes global spatial processing in habitual and non-habitual consumers. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 694.

Taylor, H. A., & Brunye, T. T. (2013). The cognition of spatial cognition: Domain-general within domain-specific (pp. 77-116). In B. H. Ross (Ed.), The Psychology of Learning and Motivation, vol. 58. San Diego, CA: Elsevier Academic Press.

Brunye, T. T.*, Gagnon, S. A.*, Paczynski, M., Shenhav, A., Mahoney, C. R., & Taylor, H. A. (2013). Happiness by association: Breadth of free association influences affective states. Cognition, 127, 93-98. *equal contribution authors

Brunye, T. T., Andonova, E., Meneghetti, C., Noordzij, M., Pazzaglia, F., Wienemann, R., Mahoney, C. R., & Taylor, H. A. (2012). Planning routes around the world: International evidence for southern route preferences. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 32, 297-304.

Thomas, A. K., Bonura, B. B., Taylor, H. A., & Brunye, T. T. (2012). Metacognitive monitoring in visuospatial working memory. Psychology & Aging, 27, 1099-1110.

Wang, Q., Taylor, H. A., & Brunye, T. T. (2012). When going the right way is hard to do: Distinct phases of action compatibility in spatial knowledge development. Acta Psychologica, 139, 449-457.

Brunye, T. T., Gagnon, S. A., Waller, D., Hodgson, E., Tower-Richardi, S., & Taylor, H. A. (2012). Up north and down south: Implicit associations between topography and cardinal direction. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 65, 1880-1894.

Brunye, T. T., Walters, E. K., Ditman, T., Gagnon, S. A., Mahoney, C. R., & Taylor, H. A. (2012). The fabric of thought: Priming tactile properties during reading influences direct tactile perception. Cognitive Science, 36, 1449-1467.

Brunye, T. T., Gardony, A., Mahoney, C. R., & Taylor, H. A. (2012). Body-specific representations of spatial location. Cognition, 123, 229-239.

Tower-Richardi, S. M., Brunye, T. T., Gagnon, S. A., Mahoney, C. R., & Taylor, H. A. (2012). Abstract spatial concept priming dynamically influences real-world actions. Frontiers in Cognition, 3, 361.

Giles, G. G., Mahoney, C. R., Brunye, T. T., Gardony, A. L., Taylor, H. A., & Kanarek, R. B. (2012). Differential cognitive effects of energy drink ingredients: Caffeine, taurine, and glucose. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior, 102, 569-577.

Brunye, T. T., Mahoney, C. R., Rapp, D. N., Ditman, T., & Taylor, H. A. (2012). Caffeine enhances real-world language processing: Evidence from a proofreading task. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 18, 95-108. PDF

Mahoney, C. R., Brunye, T. T., Ditman, T., Lieberman, H. R., & Taylor, H. A. (2012). Caffeine increases false memory in non-habitual consumers. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 24, 420-427. PDF

Brunye, T. T., Gardony, A., Mahoney, C. R., & Taylor, H. A. (2012). Going to town: Spatial perspectives and navigation through virtual environments. Computers in Human Behavior, 28, 257-266. PDF

Ford, B. Q., Tamir, M., Gagnon, S. A., Taylor, H. A., & Brunye, T. T. (2012). The angry spotlight: Trait anger and selective visual attention to rewards. European Journal of Personality, 26, 90-98. PDF

Mahoney, C. R., Brunye, T. T., Giles, G. E. (2012). Caffeine effects on aggression and risky decision making. In R. B. Kanarek & H. R. Lieberman (Eds), Diet, Brain, Behavior: Practical Implications. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Gagnon, S. A., Brunye, T. T., Robin, C., Mahoney, C. R., & Taylor, H. A. (2011). High & mighty: Implicit associations between physical space and social status. Frontiers in Cognition, 2, 259. PDF Stimuli (3.5MB zip)

Brunye, T. T., Ditman, T., Giles, G.E., Mahoney, C. R., Kessler, K., & Taylor, H. A. (2011). Gender and autistic personality traits predict perspective-taking ability in typical adults. Personality and Individual Differences, 52, 84-88. PDF

Gardony, A., Brunye, T. T., Mahoney, C. R., & Taylor, H. A. (2011). Affective states influence spatial cue utilization during navigation. Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, 20, 223-240. PDF

Brunye, T. T., Ditman, T., Mahoney, C. R., & Taylor, H. A. (2011). Better you than I: Perspectives and emotion simulation during narrative comprehension. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 23, 659-666. PDF

Taylor, H. A., Wang, Q., Gagnon, S. A., Maddox, K. B., & Brunye, T. T. (2011). The social connection in mental representations of space: Explicit and implicit evidence. Proceedings of the Conference on Spatial Information Theory (COSIT 2011). PDF

Brunye, T. T., Mahoney, C. R., Gardony, A. L., & Taylor, H. A. (2010). North is up(hill): Route planning heuristics in real-world environments. Memory & Cognition, 38, 700-712. PDF Read about this paper in U.S. News and World Report!

Brunye, T. T., Mahoney, C. R., Lieberman, H. R., Giles, G. E., & Taylor, H. A. (2010). Acute caffeine consumption enhances the executive control of visual attention in habitual consumers. Brain & Cognition, 74, 186-192. PDF

Brunye, T. T., Ditman, T., Mahoney, C. R., Walters, E. K., & Taylor, H. A. (2010). You heard it here first: Readers mentally simulate described sounds. Acta Psychologica, 135, 209-215. PDF

Bilge, A. R., & Taylor, H. A.  (2010).  Where is “here” in nested environments? Spatial updating from different sources. Spatial Cognition and Computation, 10(2-3), 157-183. PDF

Ditman, T., Brunye, T. T., Mahoney, C. R., & Taylor, H. A. (2010). Simulating an enactment effect: Pronouns guide action simulation during narrative comprehension. Cognition, 115, 172-178. PDF

Brunye, T. T., Mahoney, C. R., & Taylor, H. A. (2010). Moving through imagined space: Mentally simulating locomotion during spatial description reading. Acta Psychologica, 134, 110-124. PDF

Ford, B. Q., Tamir, M., Brunye, T. T., Shirer, W. R., Mahoney, C. R., & Taylor, H. A. (2010). Keeping your eyes on the prize: Anger and visual attention to threats and rewards. Psychological Science, 21, 1098-1105. PDF

Brunye, T. T., Mahoney, C. R., Lieberman, H. R., & Taylor, H. A. (2010). Caffeine modulates attention network function.
Brain & Cognition, 72, 181-188
PDF

Naylor-Emlen, S. J., & Taylor, H. A. (2009). Contributing factors to temporal and spatial associations in mental representations of maps.  Spatial Cognition and Computation, 9(4), 262-286. PDF

D’Anci, K. E., Vibhakar, A., Kanter, J. H., Mahoney, C. R., & Taylor, H. A. (2009). Voluntary dehydration and cognitive performance in trained college athletes.  Perceptual and Motor Skills, 109, 251-269. PDF

Brunye, T. T., Ditman, T., Mahoney, C. R., Augustyn, J. S., & Taylor, H. A. (2009). When you and I share perspectives: Pronouns modulate perspective-taking during narrative comprehension. Psychological Science, 20, 27-32. PDF [[For data and discussion of a replication attempt, see top of this page.]]

Brunye, T. T., Mahoney, C. R., Augustyn, J. S., & Taylor, H. A. (2009). Horizontal saccadic eye movements enhance the retrieval of landmark shape and location information. Brain & Cognition, 70, 279-288. PDF

Brunye, T. T., Mahoney, C. R., Augustyn, J. S., & Taylor, H. A. (2009). Emotional state and local versus global spatial memory. Acta Psychologica, 130, 138-146. PDF

D'Anci, K. D., Watts, K. L., Kanarek, R. B., & Taylor, H. A. (2009). Low carbohydrate weight-loss diets: Effects on cognition, mood. Appetite, 52, 96-103. PDF

Brunye, T. T., & Taylor, H.A. (2009). When goals constrain: Eye movements and memory for goal-oriented map study. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 23, 772-787. PDF

Brunye, T. T., Rapp, D. N., & Taylor, H. A. (2008). Representational flexibility and specificity following spatial descriptions of real-world environments. Cognition, 108, 418-443. PDF

Brunye, T. T., Taylor, H. A., & Rapp, D. N. (2008). Repetition and dual coding in procedural multimedia learning. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 22, 877-895. PDF

Taylor, H. A., Brunye, T. T., & Taylor, S. (2009). Wayfinding and navigation: Mental representation and implications for navigational system design. In C. M. Carswell (Ed.),
Reviews of Human Factors and Ergonomics, Volume 4. Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. PDF

Brunye, T. T., & Taylor, H. A. (2008). Working memory in developing and applying mental models from spatial descriptions. Journal of Memory and Language, 58, 701-729. PDF 

Brunye, T. T., & Taylor, H. A. (2008). Extended experience benefits spatial mental model development with route but not survey descriptions. Acta Psychologica, 127, 340-354. PDF  

Brunye, T. T., Taylor, H. A., & Worboys, M. (2007). Levels of detail in descriptions and depictions of geographic space. Spatial Cognition and Computation, 7, 227-266. PDF

Mahoney, C. R., Taylor, H. A., & Kanarek, R. B. (2007). Effect of an afternoon confectionery snack on cognitive processes critical to learning. Physiology & Behavior, 90, 344-352. PDF

Brunye, T. T., Taylor, H. A., Rapp, D. N., & Spiro, A. B. (2006). Learning Procedures: The Role of Working Memory in Multimedia Learning Experiences. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 20, 917-940. PDF Stimuli (20MB zip)

Rapp, D. N., Klug, J.L., & Taylor, H. A. (2006). Character Movement and the Representation of Space During Narrative Comprehension. Memory & Cognition, 34, 1206-1220. PDF

Uttal, D. H., Fisher, J. A., &
Taylor, H. A. (2006). Words and maps: Developmental changes in the integration of spatial information acquired from different sources. Developmental Science, 9(2), 221-235. PDF

Magliano, J. P.,
Taylor, H. A., & Kim, H. J. (2005). When goals collide: Monitoring the goals of multiple characters. Memory & Cognition, 33(8), 1357-1367. PDF

Mahoney, C. R.,
Taylor, H. A., Kanarek, R. B., & Samuel, P. (2005). Effects of breakfast composition on cognitive processes in elementary school children. Physiology and Behavior, 85, 635-645. PDF

Taylor, H. A. (2005). Mapping the understanding of understanding maps. P. Shah & A. Miyake (Eds.). Handbook of Visuospatial Processing. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Taylor, H. A., Renshaw, C. E. & Choi, E. (2004). The Effect of multiple formats on understanding complex visual displays. Journal of Geoscience Education, 52(1). 115-121. PDF

Rapp, D. N., &
Taylor, H. A. (2004). Interactive dimensions in the construction of mental representations for text. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 30(5), 988-1001. PDF

Taylor, H. A. & Rapp, D. N. (2004). Where's the donut? Factors influencing spatial reference frame use. Cognitive Processing: International Quarterly of Cognitive Science, 5, 175-188. PDF


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