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  Research: The YES Project

Articles and Chapters

  1. Lerner, R.M., & Damon, W. (2012). Entrepreneurship in adolescence: A relational developmental systems approach. International Journal of Developmental Science, 6, 117-126.

    ABSTRACT: Will significant numbers of today's youth become able to succeed in careers that require entrepreneurial capacities? Who among today's youth will have the talent, skills, knowledge, and drive needed to become successful entrepreneurs? To answer these questions, it will be necessary understand the developmental bases of individual and ecological variables linked to successful entrepreneurship and their interrelations over the course of the first decades of life. Accordingly, we use a relational developmental systems approach as a lens to examine what is currently known about the development of entrepreneurship during adolescence. We present an approach to understanding the mutually influential relations between youth and contexts that eventuate in the development of entrepreneurship capacities during this period of life. We also examine how the evidence from such research could inform the design of innovative educational programs that promote interest and skill in entrepreneurship among youth.

  2. Damon, W. (2011). The education of Steve Jobs. Defining Ideas: A Hoover Institution Journal.

  3. Geldhof, G. J., Weiner, M., Agans, J. P., Mueller, M. K., & Lerner, R. M. (2014). Understanding entrepreneurial intent in late adolescence: The role of intentional self-regulation and innovation. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43, 81-91. doi: 10.1007/s10964-013-9930-8

    ABSTRACT: Entrepreneurship represents a form of adaptive developmental regulation through which both entrepreneurs and their ecologies benefit. We describe entrepreneurship from the perspective of relational developmental systems theory, and examine the joint role of personal attributes, contextual attributes, and characteristics of person-context relationships in predicting entrepreneurial intent in a sample of 3,461 college students enrolled in colleges and universities in the United States (60 % female; 61 % European American). Specifically, we tested whether personal characteristics (e.g., gender, intentional self-regulation skills, innovation orientation) and contextual factors (e.g., entrepreneurial parents) predicted college students' intentions to pursue an entrepreneurial career. Our findings suggest that self-regulation, innovation orientation, and having entrepreneurial role models (especially parents) predict entrepreneurial intent. Limitations and future directions for the study of youth entrepreneurship are discussed.

    Attached in 1/31/14 report.

  4. Geldhof, G. J., Porter, T., Weiner, M. B., Malin, H., Bronk, K. C., Agans, J. P., Mueller, J. P., Damon, W., & Lerner, R. M. (in press). Fostering youth entrepreneurship: Preliminary findings from the youth entrepreneurs study. Journal of Research on Adolescence.

    ABSTRACT: Entrepreneurship offers a viable and productive pathway to economic growth and personal fulfillment. However, the number of individuals engaged in entrepreneurial behaviors remains low. This discrepancy between entrepreneurial attitudes and action underscores the need for programs that foster the development of entrepreneurship in today's youth. We argue that a relational developmental systems approach can help researchers understand and facilitate the development of entrepreneurship. In this study, we triangulate across quantitative and qualitative data from the Young Entrepreneurs Study, showing that self-regulation skills, financial risk tolerance, innovation orientation, and the presence of entrepreneurial adults may be especially important for promoting entrepreneurial intent in older adolescents and young adults. We discuss limitations of the present data set and future directions for research.

  5. Damon, W. (2014). A nation of entrepreneurs? Defining Ideas: A Hoover Institution Journal.

  6. Geldhof, G. J., Malin, H., Johnson, S. K., Porter, T., Bronk, K. C., Weiner, M. B., Agans, J. P., Mueller, M. K., Colby, A., Lerner, R. M., & Damon W. (under revision). Understanding young adults' entrepreneurial intentions and actions: Findings from the first wave of the Young Entrepreneurs Study. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology.

  7. Damon, W., Bronk, K. C., & Porter, T. (2014) Youth entrepreneurship. In R. A. Scott & S. M. Kosslyn, Emerging Trends in the Social and Behavioral Sciences. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Conference Presentations and Papers

  1. Geldhof, G. J., Gestsdóttir, S., & Lerner, R. M. (under review). The role of passion and self-regulation skills in youth career development. Paper submitted to Positive Youth Development in the Context of the Global Recession, Prague, Czech Republic.

  2. Porter, T., Malin, H., Colby, A., & Damon, W. (2014, August). Longitudinal findings from the YES Project. Presentation at the Epicenter Research Summit, Palo Alto, CA.

  3. Lerner, R.M., & Weiner, M. B. (2014, August). Panel discussion at Epicenter Research Summit. Palo Alto, CA. (This meeting will convene top researchers in entrepreneurship, education, and engineering to present and discuss the latest work in the field.)

  4. Jin, Q., Gilmartin, S. K., Chen, H. L., & Sheppard, S. D. (2014 June). Comparing engineering and business undergraduate students' entrepreneurial interests and characteristics. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society for Engineering Education, Indianapolis, IN.

  5. Bronk, K. (2014 March) Entrepreneurial purpose: Beyond-the-self motivations. Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence, Austin, TX.

  6. Weiner, M. B., Geldhof, G. J., Johnson, S. K., Bronk, K. C., Hunt, D., & Lerner, R. M. (2014 March). Does passion matter in the career development of youth? Findings from the Young Entrepreneurs Study. Poster presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence, Austin, TX.

  7. Agans, J. P. (2013 November). The development of entrepreneurial intent: Colleges and universities as ecological assets. Poster presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for the Study of Human Development, Fort Lauderdale, FL.

  8. Geldhof, G. J., Weiner, M. B., Agans, J. P., Mueller, M. K., & Lerner, R. M. (2013 November). Positive youth development: Assessing the interaction between intentional self-regulation and motivation. Poster presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for the Study of Human Development, Fort Lauderdale, FL.

  9. Weiner, M. B., Geldhof, G. J., & Lerner, R. M. (2013, November). The intentional self-regulation entrepreneurship questionnaire: Longitudinal properties of a measure of youth entrepreneurship. Poster presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for the Study of Human Development, Fort Lauderdale, FL.

  10. Geldhof, G. J., Weiner, M. B., Agans, J. P., Mueller, M. K., & Lerner, R. M. (2013, May). Positive youth development: Assessing the interaction between intentional self-regulation and motivation. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for the Study of Motivation, Washington, DC.

  11. Weiner, M. B., Geldhof, G. J., Agans, J. P., Lerner, R. M., & Johnson, H. (2013 April) Characteristics of young entrepreneurs, college majors, and the 5 Cs of PYD: Findings from the Young Entrepreneurship Study (YES). Poster presented at the Society for Research in Child Development, in Seattle, WA.

  12. Weiner, M. B., Honickman, S. M., Geldhof, G. J., Agans, J. P., Mueller, M., Lerner, R. M., & Johnson, H. (2012 October). The Young Entrepreneurship Study (YES) Project: Characteristics of young entrepreneurs and the 5 Cs of PYD. Poster presented at the New England Psychological Association. Worcester, MA.

  13. Porter, T., & Damon, W. (2012 August). Moral Identity: Does it matter for civic action and entrepreneurial aspiration? Poster presented at European Association for Research on Adolescence conference, Spestes, Greece.

  14. Malin, H., Bronk, K. C., Mueller, M. K., Damon, W., & Lerner, R. M. (2012 March). Entrepreneurship as a pathway to positive youth development. Roundtable discussion held at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence, Vancouver, BC.

  15. Weiner, M. B., Geldhof, G. J., & Lerner, R. M. (2012, March). The Entrepreneurship Intentional Self Regulation Questionnaire: Factorial and concurrent validation. Poster presented at the Society for Research on Adolescence, in Vancouver, Canada.

  16. Weiner, M. B., Geldhof, G. J., & Lerner, R. M. (2011, October). The Entrepreneurship Intentional Self Regulation Questionnaire: Factorial and concurrent validation. Poster presented at the Society for the Study of Human Development, Providence, RI.

Other Publications or Presentations

  1. Braverman, L. (2014, February 2). Venture for America launches young entrepreneurs. USA Today.
    Read more >

  2. Liang, B., & Yuen, A. (2012, Spring). Researchers examine the secret of successful young entrepreneurs. Stanford Spotlight.
    Read more >

  3. Kudlow, L. (2014, April 1). Professor Damon interviewed about YES project results (story starts at 19:31). The John Batchelor Show.
    Read more >

  4. Professor Damon interviewed about YES project by BBC reporter, April 4, 2014, story forthcoming.

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