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Jeanne Marie Penvenne
Associate Professor of History
I am a social and labor historian of colonial Mozambique.
Although much of my work focuses on ordinary workers, and specifically explores
the many ways they framed their experiences in oral histories, I also have
engaged the development and contradictions of Mozambique's black intellectual
elites largely through their newspapers. My early research documented the extent
to which forced labor in Southern Mozambique fueled men's migration to South
Africa's mines and Mozambique's towns and cities. As I recorded scores of men's
work and life histories, I was struck, first, by the fact that, although most of
these men had women in their lives, it was difficult to get a sense of their
families, and second, that migration and waged labor choices played out very
differently for men and women. That led me to conduct an oral history project
among the women workers in Mozambique's colonial era cashew-shelling industry,
and to seek gendered perspectives on households, waged labor and migration.
Women, Migration and the Cashew Economy of Southern Mozambique, 1945-1974
will be published by James Currey in August 2015.
I taught on a visiting basis at several universities in the
greater Boston area between 1985 and 1990, and was hired full time at Tufts in
1993. I have also taught and developed courses on African Historiography, Gender
and Oral History at Universidade Eduardo Mondlane in Maputo Mozambique, most
recently in 2004-2005. Generous funding from Fulbright, Fulbright-Hays, Social
Science Research Council, Gulbenkian and Mellon Foundations supported my
research and teaching in Mozambique since 1976. During my upcoming sabbatical in
2014-15, I will pursue three ongoing projects: biographical sketches of
Mozambican intellectuals in the late colonial era, a study of Mozambican
post-colonial literature and images of prostitution in the capital city, and a
Southern Africa textbook and reader.
African History, Labor History, Mozambique, East and Southern
Africa, Comparative Women's History, Urbanization and Labor Migration
- Ph.D. Boston University, M.A. Boston University
- B.S. Northeastern University, A.A. Berkshire Community College
- Fulbright Award for Mozambique, 2004-2005
- Lillian and Joseph Leibner Award for
Distinguished Teaching and Advising, 2001
- Lerman-Neubauer Prize for Outstanding Teaching
and Advising, 1999
- U.S. Speaker & Specialist Award Mozambique /
- Herskovits Award Finalist for African Workers
and Colonial Racism, 1996
- African Regional Research Award for Southern
Africa, Fulbright 1992-93
- International Fellow, Gulbenkian Foundation,
- Social Science Research Council, Int'l
Doctoral Fellow, 1976-1978
- Fulbright Dissertation Research Scholar to
- HST 13:
Reconstructing Africa's Past to 1850
- "Learning from Jill Dias: Press,
Photography and People." in Maria Cardeira da Silva and Clara Saraiva (coords),
"Jill Dias' lessons in Anthropology, History, África, Academy." Centro em Rede de
Investigação em Antropologia (2013).
- "Fotografando Lourenço Marques: A Cidade e os seus Habitantes de 1960 á 1975" in
Os Outros da Colonização: Ensaios sobre Tardo-colonialismo em Moçambique.
Edited by Claúdia Castelo, Omar Ribeiro Tomaz, Sebastião Nasimento e Teresa Cruz
e Silva. Lisbon: Imprensa de Ciências Sociais, 2012.
- 'Two Tales of a City – Lourenço Marques, 1945-1975,"
Portuguese Studies Review; Special Issue in Honor of
Jill R. Dias. 19, 1-2 (2011): 249-269.
- "Settling against the Tide: The Layered
Contradictions of Twentieth Century Portuguese Settlement in
Mozambique," chapter 3 in Settler Colonialism in the Twentieth
Century: Projects, Practices and Legacies Edited by Caroline
Elkins and Susan Pederson. (New York: Routledge, 2005)
- "Portuguese Speaking Africa," Guest Editor of
a Special Issue of International Journal of African Historical
Studies Volume 36, No. 1 (Fall 2003)
- "'A xikomo xa lomu, iku tira' Citadines
africaines à Lourenço Marques (Mozambique), 1945-1975," Le
Mouvement Social , 204, julliet-septembre (2003):81-92.
- "Power, Poets and the People - Mozambican
Voices Interpreting History" co-authored with Prof. Bento Sitoe,
Social Dynamics. Vol. 26, No. 2 (2000): 55-86. Special issue
dedicated to the memory of Leroy Vail, Professor of African
History, Harvard University [published January, 2002 not 2000 as
stated on the issue]
- "Gender Studies, Area Studies, and the New
History, with Special Reference to Africa" in Curricular
Crossings: Women's Studies and Area Studies - A Web Anthology
for the College Classroom. Launched 26 October 2000.
- "Poppie Nongena and South African History," in
Jean Hay, ed. African Novels in the Classroom (Boulder, Lynne
- "A Tapestry of Conflict: Mozambique
1960-1995," in David Birmingham and Phyllis Martin, eds. History
of Central Africa; The Contemporary Years (London, Longman,
- "Seeking the Factory for Women, Mozambican
Urbanization in the Late Colonial Era," Journal of Urban History
Vol. 23, No. 3 (March, 1997): 342-379.
- "João dos Santos Albasini (1876-1922); The
Contradictions of Politics and Identity in Colonial Mozambique,"
Journal of African History, Vol. 37, No. 3 1996):417-464.
- African Workers and Colonial Racism;
Mozambican Strategies for Survival in Lourenço Marques,
Mozambique 1877-1962. Portsmouth: Heinemann, Social History of
Africa Series, 1995.
- Trabalhadores de Lourenço Marques, 1870 - 1974
. Maputo: Arquivo Histórico de Moçambique, 1993 [Estudos, 9]
- "'We are all Portuguese!': Challenging the
Political Economy of Assimilation, Lourenço Marques, 1870 to
1933," in Leroy Vail, editor, The Creation of Tribalism in
Southern Africa (Berkeley: University of California, 1989):
- "Labor Struggles at the Port of Lourenço
Marques, 1900-1933," Review; Journal of the Fernand Braudel
Center for the Study of Economies, Historical Systems and
Civilizations, "The Struggle for Southern Africa, Special Issue
Dedicated to the Memory of Ruth First, 8, 2 (1984): 249-285.
- "'Here Everyone Walked with Fear': The
Mozambican Labor System and the Workers of Lourenço Marques,
1945-1962," in Frederick Cooper, editor, Struggle for the City:
Migrant Labor, Capital and the State (Berkeley, Sage, 1983):
- "Chibalo e Classe Operária: Lourenço Marques,
1870-1962," Estudos Moçambicanos, 2 (1982): 9-26.
- "Paradigms, Pedagogy and Politics; Thinking
about Africa in the Twenty First Century" Review Article in
International Journal of African Historical Studies, Volume 29,
No. 2 (1996):337-343.
- "A Luta Continua," International Journal of
African Historical Studies, 18, 1 (1985): 109-138.