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Jeanne Marie Penvenne
Associate Professor of History
I am a social and labor historian of colonial Mozambique. Although
much of my work focuses on ordinary workers, and specifically explores
the many ways they framed their experiences in oral histories, I also
have engaged the development and contradictions of Mozambique's black
intellectual elites largely through their newspapers. My early research
documented the extent to which forced labor in Southern Mozambique fueled
men's migration to South Africa's mines and Mozambique's towns and cities.
As I recorded scores of men's work and life histories, I was struck, first,
by the fact that, although most of these men had women in their lives,
it was difficult to get a sense of their families, and second, that migration
and waged labor choices played out very differently for men and women. That
led me to conduct an oral history project among the women workers in Mozambique's
colonial era cashew-shelling industry, and to seek gendered perspectives
on households, waged labor and migration. That project resulted in a book
manuscript, Mozambique's Factory for Women. It may actually be published someday.
I taught on a visiting basis at several universities in the greater Boston
area between 1985 and 1990, and was hired full time at Tufts in 1993. I have also
taught and developed courses on African Historiography, Gender and Oral History
at Universidade Eduardo Mondlane in Maputo Mozambique, most recently in 2004-2005.
Generous funding from Fulbright, Fulbright-Hays, Social Science Research Council,
Gulbenkian and Mellon Foundations supported my research and teaching in Mozambique
since 1976. During my upcoming sabbatical in 2014-15, I will pursue two ongoing
projects, an exploration Mozambican colonial intellectuals in the late colonial
era and a Southern Africa textbook and reader.
African History, Labor History, Mozambique, East and Southern Africa, Comparative Women's History, Urbanization and Labor Migration
- Ph.D. Boston University, M.A. Boston University
- B.S. Northeastern University, A.A. Berkshire Community College
- Fulbright Award for Mozambique, 2004-2005
- Lillian and Joseph Leibner Award for Distinguished Teaching and Advising, 2001
- Lerman-Neubauer Prize for Outstanding Teaching and Advising, 1999
- U.S. Speaker & Specialist Award Mozambique / Angola, 1998
- Herskovits Award Finalist for African Workers and Colonial Racism, 1996
- African Regional Research Award for Southern Africa, Fulbright 1992-93
- International Fellow, Gulbenkian Foundation, 1992-1993, 1977
- Social Science Research Council, Int'l Doctoral Fellow, 1976-1978
- Fulbright Dissertation Research Scholar to Portugal, 1976-77
- HST 13:
Reconstructing Africa's Past to 1850
- "Learning from Jill Dias: Press, Photography and People."
in Maria Cardeira da Silva and Clara Saraiva (coords),
"Jill Dias' lessons in Anthropology, History,
África, Academy." Centro em Rede de Investigação em Antropologia (2013).
- "Fotografando Lourenço Marques: A Cidade e os seus Habitantes de 1960 á 1975" in
Os Outros da Colonização: Ensaios sobre Tardo-colonialismo em Moçambique.
Edited by Claúdia Castelo, Omar Ribeiro Tomaz, Sebastião Nasimento e Teresa Cruz
e Silva. Lisbon: Imprensa de Ciências Sociais, 2012.
- "Two Tales of a City – Lourenço Marques, 1945-1975,"
Portuguese Studies Review; Special Issue in Honor of Jill R. Dias.
19, 1-2 (2011): 249-269.
- "Settling against the Tide: The Layered
Contradictions of Twentieth Century Portuguese Settlement in
Mozambique," chapter 3 in Settler Colonialism in the Twentieth
Century: Projects, Practices and Legacies Edited by Caroline
Elkins and Susan Pederson. (New York: Routledge, 2005)
- "Portuguese Speaking Africa," Guest Editor of
a Special Issue of International Journal of African Historical
Studies Volume 36, No. 1 (Fall 2003)
- "'A xikomo xa lomu, iku tira' Citadines
africaines à Lourenço Marques (Mozambique), 1945-1975," Le
Mouvement Social , 204, julliet-septembre (2003):81-92.
- "Power, Poets and the People - Mozambican
Voices Interpreting History" co-authored with Prof. Bento Sitoe,
Social Dynamics. Vol. 26, No. 2 (2000): 55-86. Special issue
dedicated to the memory of Leroy Vail, Professor of African
History, Harvard University [published January, 2002 not 2000 as
stated on the issue]
- "Gender Studies, Area Studies, and the New
History, with Special Reference to Africa" in Curricular
Crossings: Women's Studies and Area Studies - A Web Anthology
for the College Classroom. Launched 26 October 2000.
- "Poppie Nongena and South African History," in
Jean Hay, ed. African Novels in the Classroom (Boulder, Lynne
- "A Tapestry of Conflict: Mozambique
1960-1995," in David Birmingham and Phyllis Martin, eds. History
of Central Africa; The Contemporary Years (London, Longman,
- "Seeking the Factory for Women, Mozambican
Urbanization in the Late Colonial Era," Journal of Urban History
Vol. 23, No. 3 (March, 1997): 342-379.
- "João dos Santos Albasini (1876-1922); The
Contradictions of Politics and Identity in Colonial Mozambique,"
Journal of African History, Vol. 37, No. 3 1996):417-464.
- African Workers and Colonial Racism;
Mozambican Strategies for Survival in Lourenço Marques,
Mozambique 1877-1962. Portsmouth: Heinemann, Social History of
Africa Series, 1995.
- Trabalhadores de Lourenço Marques, 1870 - 1974.
Maputo: Arquivo Histórico de Moçambique, 1993 [Estudos, 9]
- "'We are all Portuguese!': Challenging the
Political Economy of Assimilation, Lourenço Marques, 1870 to
1933," in Leroy Vail, editor, The Creation of Tribalism in
Southern Africa (Berkeley: University of California, 1989):
- "Labor Struggles at the Port of Lourenço
Marques, 1900-1933," Review; Journal of the Fernand Braudel
Center for the Study of Economies, Historical Systems and
Civilizations, "The Struggle for Southern Africa, Special Issue
Dedicated to the Memory of Ruth First, 8, 2 (1984): 249-285.
- "'Here Everyone Walked with Fear': The
Mozambican Labor System and the Workers of Lourenço Marques,
1945-1962," in Frederick Cooper, editor, Struggle for the City:
Migrant Labor, Capital and the State (Berkeley, Sage, 1983):
- "Chibalo e Classe Operária: Lourenço Marques,
1870-1962," Estudos Moçambicanos, 2 (1982): 9-26.
- "Paradigms, Pedagogy and Politics; Thinking
about Africa in the Twenty First Century" Review Article in
International Journal of African Historical Studies, Volume 29,
No. 2 (1996):337-343.
- "A Luta Continua," International Journal of
African Historical Studies, 18, 1 (1985): 109-138.