Search Faculty by:
Jeanne Marie Penvenne
Department of History
East Hall, Room 105
Medford, MA 02155
Email Prof. Penvenne
Fall Semester 2016
and by appointment
Professor of History
I am a social and labor historian. My work focuses on the urban
African population of colonial era Mozambique. My first books,
Trabalhadores de Lourenço Marques and African Workers
and Colonial Racism considered the largely male labor force
from the turn of the twentieth century to the political insurrection
of the 1960s. As I recorded scores of men's work and life histories,
I realized that, although most of these men had women in their
lives, it was difficult to get a sense of their families. It also
seemed that migration and waged labor choices played out very
differently for men and women. That led me to conduct an oral
history project among the women workers in Mozambique's colonial era
cashew-shelling industry, and to seek gendered perspectives on
households, waged labor and migration. That research led to my third
book, Women, Migration and the Cashew Economy of Southern
Although much of my work is rooted in oral histories of
ordinary workers, I also have engaged the development and
contradictions of Mozambique's colonial era black intellectual
elites through a careful consideration of their newspapers. I have
returned to the black press to develop social history of the
intellectual elites. I am also working on a Southern African History
textbook and reader and colonial era urban prostitution through the
lens of Mozambican fiction and art.
Aside from teaching in the History, International Relations,
Africana and Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies programs at Tufts,
I have also taught and helped develop curricula in African
Historiography, Gender and Oral History at Universidade Eduardo
Mondlane, Maputo Mozambique. In 2012 Jacques Depelchin and I were
Keynote Speakers at Universidade Pedagógica’s conference celebrating
a half century of higher education in Mozambique. I have enjoyed
generous support for my research from Fulbright, Social Science
Research Council, Gulbenkian and Mellon Foundations.
African History, Labor History, Mozambique, East and Southern
Africa, Comparative Women's History, Urbanization and Labor Migration
- Ph.D. Boston University, M.A. Boston University
- B.S. Northeastern University, A.A. Berkshire Community College
- Fulbright Award for Mozambique, 2004-2005
- Lillian and Joseph Leibner Award for
Distinguished Teaching and Advising, 2001
- Lerman-Neubauer Prize for Outstanding Teaching
and Advising, 1999
- U.S. Speaker & Specialist Award Mozambique /
- Herskovits Award Finalist for African Workers
and Colonial Racism, 1996
- African Regional Research Award for Southern
Africa, Fulbright 1992-93
- International Fellow, Gulbenkian Foundation,
- Social Science Research Council, Int'l
Doctoral Fellow, 1976-1978
- Fulbright Dissertation Research Scholar to
- HST 13:
Reconstructing Africa's Past to 1850
- Moçambique pelo seu povo – Mozambique: Many People, Many Stories. Contested Masculinities & Gendered Perspectives,” Africana Studia, No. 27 (2018): 165-176.
Women, Migration & the Cashew Economy in Southern Mozambique, 1945-1975 (2015).
- "Learning from Jill Dias: Press,
Photography and People." in Maria Cardeira da Silva and Clara Saraiva (coords),
"Jill Dias' lessons in Anthropology, History, África, Academy." Centro em Rede de
Investigação em Antropologia (2013).
- "Fotografando Lourenço Marques: A Cidade e os seus Habitantes de 1960 á 1975" in
Os Outros da Colonização: Ensaios sobre Tardo-colonialismo em Moçambique.
Edited by Claúdia Castelo, Omar Ribeiro Tomaz, Sebastião Nasimento e Teresa Cruz
e Silva. Lisbon: Imprensa de Ciências Sociais, 2012.
- 'Two Tales of a City – Lourenço Marques, 1945-1975,"
Portuguese Studies Review; Special Issue in Honor of
Jill R. Dias. 19, 1-2 (2011): 249-269.
- "Settling against the Tide: The Layered
Contradictions of Twentieth Century Portuguese Settlement in
Mozambique," chapter 3 in Settler Colonialism in the Twentieth
Century: Projects, Practices and Legacies Edited by Caroline
Elkins and Susan Pederson. (New York: Routledge, 2005)
- "Portuguese Speaking Africa," Guest Editor of
a Special Issue of International Journal of African Historical
Studies Volume 36, No. 1 (Fall 2003)
- "'A xikomo xa lomu, iku tira' Citadines
africaines à Lourenço Marques (Mozambique), 1945-1975," Le
Mouvement Social , 204, julliet-septembre (2003):81-92.
- "Power, Poets and the People - Mozambican
Voices Interpreting History" co-authored with Prof. Bento Sitoe,
Social Dynamics. Vol. 26, No. 2 (2000): 55-86. Special issue
dedicated to the memory of Leroy Vail, Professor of African
History, Harvard University [published January, 2002 not 2000 as
stated on the issue]
- "Gender Studies, Area Studies, and the New
History, with Special Reference to Africa" in Curricular
Crossings: Women's Studies and Area Studies - A Web Anthology
for the College Classroom. Launched 26 October 2000.
- "Poppie Nongena and South African History," in
Jean Hay, ed. African Novels in the Classroom (Boulder, Lynne
- "A Tapestry of Conflict: Mozambique
1960-1995," in David Birmingham and Phyllis Martin, eds. History
of Central Africa; The Contemporary Years (London, Longman,
- "Seeking the Factory for Women, Mozambican
Urbanization in the Late Colonial Era," Journal of Urban History
Vol. 23, No. 3 (March, 1997): 342-379.
- "João dos Santos Albasini (1876-1922); The
Contradictions of Politics and Identity in Colonial Mozambique,"
Journal of African History, Vol. 37, No. 3 1996):417-464.
- African Workers and Colonial Racism;
Mozambican Strategies for Survival in Lourenço Marques,
Mozambique 1877-1962. Portsmouth: Heinemann, Social History of
Africa Series, 1995.
- Trabalhadores de Lourenço Marques, 1870 - 1974
. Maputo: Arquivo Histórico de Moçambique, 1993 [Estudos, 9]
- "'We are all Portuguese!': Challenging the
Political Economy of Assimilation, Lourenço Marques, 1870 to
1933," in Leroy Vail, editor, The Creation of Tribalism in
Southern Africa (Berkeley: University of California, 1989):
- "Labor Struggles at the Port of Lourenço
Marques, 1900-1933," Review; Journal of the Fernand Braudel
Center for the Study of Economies, Historical Systems and
Civilizations, "The Struggle for Southern Africa, Special Issue
Dedicated to the Memory of Ruth First, 8, 2 (1984): 249-285.
- "'Here Everyone Walked with Fear': The
Mozambican Labor System and the Workers of Lourenço Marques,
1945-1962," in Frederick Cooper, editor, Struggle for the City:
Migrant Labor, Capital and the State (Berkeley, Sage, 1983):
- "Chibalo e Classe Operária: Lourenço Marques,
1870-1962," Estudos Moçambicanos, 2 (1982): 9-26.
- "Paradigms, Pedagogy and Politics; Thinking
about Africa in the Twenty First Century" Review Article in
International Journal of African Historical Studies, Volume 29,
No. 2 (1996):337-343.
- "A Luta Continua," International Journal of
African Historical Studies, 18, 1 (1985): 109-138.