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HST. 01: International Relations in Historical Perspective
(Spring 2014)
This course is a general introduction to the theory and practice of International Relations, as viewed from the discipline of History. As such, it fulfils IR Core Requirement 4 (the Historical Dimension) in the IR Curriculum. For the History major it satisfies the transregional area requirement.

Course requirements include attendance at two weekly lectures and participation in one weekly discussion section. There will be a mid-term exam and a final exam. The mid-term will count toward 30% of your course grade; the final, 60%; and participation in recitation sessions, 10%. Students may choose to write an optional term paper (of ca 15 pp) on a course-relevant topic approved by the instructor. In this case, the mid-term would count 25% of your final grade; the paper, 25%; the final exam, 40% and participation 10%.

Most readings will be available at Tisch Reserve and in the Tisch journal collection (paper and on-line). Some shorter pieces (chapters, excerpts, and articles) will also be posted on Trunk. Full text readings (available at the Bookstore) will include: Adam Watson, The Evolution of International Society (2009 edn.); E. H. Carr, What is History? (1961); and Paul Kennedy, The Parliament of Man (2006).
Howard Malchow


HST. 02: Globalization
Five centuries of globalization, including the age of reconnaissance, the Columbian Exchange, the industrial revolution, and the globalization of economies, technologies, war, politics, and popular culture in the 20th century. Includes resistance and alternatives to globalization.

This course meets the following distribution requirements:

Please note: If more than one distribution area is listed, the course can be used to satisfy ONE area only.
Humanities
Social Sciences

This course meets the World Civilization Requirements.


HST. 03: A World in Motion: Global History and Migration
Migration as a worldwide force for historical change and as a factor in historical analysis. Amerindian origins, the Eurasian steppe, empires, frontiers and borderlands, slavery and indentured servitude, oceanic history, the industrial revolution, urbanization, refugee movements, and globalization. The United States as the world's leading "destination country" of migrants, who built and rebuilt the American nation throughout its history, while responding to global changes. Reed Ueda


HST. 05: History of Consumption
A history of consumption in the world examines the socio political history of the use made of goods, food and energy by different groups through an analysis of class, race and gender. The course examines economic factors through social and culture history and offers a broader understanding of an economic history embedded within the social structures of Europe, the Americas, China and the Ottoman Empire, from the seventeenth century to the present day. Ina Baghdiantz McCabe

This course counts toward the IR core.


HST. 06: World Trade, 1000-2000
Worldwide cross-cultural trade as the roots of today's global economy. Merchant communities, trade diaspora, and trade routes. From silk roads to oil tankers; commercial networks from medieval merchants to e-commerce. An exploration of the ties between trade and civilization, capitalism, nationalism, and state-building. Emphasis on the early modern and modern periods. Ina Baghdiantz McCabe


HST. 07: History of Public Health
Course description to be posted soon. Alisha Rankin


HST. 08: U.S. Imperialism in Asia
Theories of imperialism. U.S. involvements in Asia and the Pacific from the overthrow of the Hawai'ian monarchy in 1893 to the present. Comparative perspectives on British, Japanese imperialisms. U.S. acquisition of the Philippines and Guam in 1898; suppression of the "Philippine Insurgency;" U.S.-Japan rivalry to 1945; the Cold War and Korean and Vietnam Wars; geopolitics of oil; U.S. involvement in the Middle East, Persian Gulf, and Afghanistan; the "manufacture of consent" in the mainstream media. The invasion and occupation of Iraq. Two substantial research papers. No prerequisites. Gary Leupp


HST. 09: Christianity and Globalization
[Cross-listed as REL 36]
The development of Christianity as a world movement, beginning in antiquity but focusing on the modern period. Themes and topics include the spread of Christianity through exploration, trade, conquest and mission; patterns of cultural contact and exchange; internationalism and globalization; diversity and transformations of Christian traditions in post-colonial societies; the global spread of Pentecostalism. Emphasis on Christianity in Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Middle East. Heather Curtis


HST. 12: Science and Technology in World History
A broad survey of the history of science from the ancient world to the 20th century. The course places a particular emphasis on the wider context of global trade, knowledge sharing, and colonialism throughout the development of scientific thought. Topics and themes include: science in ancient Babylonia, Greece, China, and India; Islamic science and its influence on medieval Europe; Mayan science; the discovery of the New World and its influence on conceptual and philosophical changes of the "Scientific Revolution"; globalization and colonialism; Darwin and human evolution; science and religion; race, science, and eugenics; science and warfare. Students will be challenged to consider the processes involved in the development of scientific theories and the ways in which global developments affected (and continue to affect) scientific thought. Alisha Rankin

This course counts toward IR core requirement.


HST. 13: Reconstructing Africa's Past to 1850 [formerly HST. 70]
The course begins with an introduction to the continent's basic geography and then develops a series of case studies to engage controversies and critical junctures in the continent's history to 1850. Topics include: "Black Athena," Nubia, Iron Age Production, Trade and the Rise of Islam, the Atlantic Opening, Domestic Slavery and Gender, Swahili Coast, Great Zimbabwe, reconstruction of Southern Africa in light of Nguni expansion. Course counts for World Civilization Requirement, Entryway for Africana, History & Int'l Relations Africa fields. Jeanne Marie Penvenne


HST. 14: Historical Perspectives on Contemporary Crises in Africa Spring 2013
This course seeks historical perspectives on what the Western press typically covers contemporary crises in Africa. We explore the views of African women, men and youth through scholarly texts, films, novels, blogs, Youtube clips and biographies.

After an introduction to the continent's physical and human geography, the course recalls the experience of intensified contact between African and European powers in the late nineteenth century culminating in conquest throughout much of the continent. Key themes for the twentieth and twenty first centuries include competition for resources, changing political and military configurations, social accommodation of new settlement and production patterns, with emphasis on the changing roles of women and youth.

Course counts for World Civilization Requirement, Entryway for Africana, History & Int'l Relations fields. Jeanne Penvenne


HST. 17: The Americas [formerly HST. 75]
Latin America and the Caribbean from the colonial period to the contemporary era. A multimedia, interdisciplinary introduction focusing on nation-building, migration, race relations, women's roles, political economy, sovereignty, religion, culture, revolutionary movements, and Latino communities in the United States. Peter Winn


HST. 18: Colonial Latin America [formerly HST. 77]
The indigenous and European backgrounds of Latin American history, the encounter and the conquest, Iberian colonial systems, economy and religion, society and sexuality, reform and rebellion. Peter Winn


HST. 19: Modern Latin America [formerly HST. 78]
This course will examine Latin American history from the independence movements of the early nineteenth century through the present, providing students with a critical understanding of the region today. Using case studies, it explores nation building, coerced labor and resistance, U.S. influence, Latin American nationalism, populism, the Cold War, and millennial transitions, paying particular attention to the lives of non-elite women and men. Lectures and readings will draw upon a variety of interdisciplinary materials, including primary and secondary historical texts, fiction, film, music, painting, and photography. Sullivan


HST. 19: Latin American History
This course examines key events and themes in modern Latin American history. It is designed to give students an introduction to the region from an historical perspective, while making use of the interdisciplinary tools of contemporary analysis. In addition to reading an important textbook on the region, two scholarly monographs, and other selected secondary sources, the students will be introduced to a variety of primary sources (essays, poems, manifestoes, films, songs, paintings, testimony, and fictional works), thus allowing them to come into closer contact with the living history of Latin America and the ongoing legacies of conquest and colonization. Barbara Corbett


HST. 22: The Changing American Nation: The 19th and 20th Centuries [formerly HST. 80]
The reconfiguration of national identity in the U.S. by socioeconomic, demographic, and cultural change. Evolution from an Atlantic-centered colonial society, to an urban-industrial transcontinental nation, to a globalizing nation on the Pacific Rim. Reed Ueda


HST. 23: Colonial North America and the Atlantic World to 1763 [formerly HST. 82]
Explores the colonial origins of American society and how a broad array of peoples encountered one another in different regions of North America. Themes: religion and power, warfare and slavery, civilization and wilderness, province and empire. The course ends with the Seven Years War, a world war with lasting repercussions in America. Benjamin Carp


HST. 24: Revolutionary America, 1763-1815 [formerly HST. 83]
This course begins at the end of the Seven Years War and ends with the War of 1812. Discusses the crisis of the British Empire, the political mobilization of Americans, and the waging of the Revolutionary War; also the social and political changes of the Revolutionary Era, the development and struggles of the new United States, its Constitution, political economy, and culture. Benjamin Carp


HST. 25: Antebellum & Civil War America, 1815-1877 [formerly HST. 84]
This course begins with the so-called "Era of Good Feelings" in American history, and chronicles the decidedly bitter feelings that followed. Through lectures and discussions, we will explore the Jacksonian Era and democratic politics, westward expansion and sectional tensions, religious and cultural developments, the issue of slavery, the Civil War, and Reconstruction. Students will engage both primary and secondary sources and take a field trip during the semester. Benjamin Carp


HST. 27: Modern American Society [formerly HST. 86]
Ideals of Victorian-American culture in collision with scientific principles of objectivity, empiricism, and relativism. Darwin's challenge to religious thought, health and medicine, doctrines and practice of law, rise of the social sciences and the modern university, the shift from patriarchal to companionate marriages, the rise of a meritocracy and the promise of racial and sexual equality. Virginia Drachman


HST. 28: U.S. Foreign Relations to 1900 [formerly HST. 90]
This course explores the meetings of peoples and cultures; imperial rivalries; and ideologies that shaped North America over two centuries. It places the contingent events that brought about the decline of some groups and empires and the rise of others, especially the United States, in a wider historical context. David Ekbladh


HST. 29: U.S. Foreign Relations 1900 to Present [formerly HST. 91]
This course explores the twentieth century rise of the United States from a regional power to a superpower. Two world wars, a global depression, the Cold War, as well as a series of smaller conflicts marked this advance to dominance. But the story is more than these events. The imposing position of the United States was not solely a product of the actions of the American state as the country's power was enhanced by efforts of nongovernmental groups as well as the appeal and pervasiveness American culture, among other elements. However, the United States found itself transformed as new opportunities and tensions arose domestically as the nation grasped global hegemony. David Ekbladh


HST. 31: History of Religion in America [formerly HST. 99.04]
This course is about religion in America from the arrival of European immigrants in the 16th and 17th centuries to the present. We will study major figures, events and issues that have helped to shape American religious history, while paying particular attention to the ways that social and cultural contexts have influenced religious experience in different times and places. Throughout, we will ask how religion has impacted the history of the United States, and, conversely, how religious traditions have been transformed by American culture. Key topics and themes include encounter and colonization; revivalism and reform; church and state; gender and women's history; spirituality and devotional life; slavery and race relations; immigration and ethnicity; innovation and secularization; and pluralism and diversity. Heather Curtis


HST. 32: The Rise of the Modern Woman [formerly Women in America to 1900]
Women's struggles for equality in American society from the 19th century through World War II. Examination of women's drive for suffrage and political rights, access to higher education, and entry into medicine, law, and business. Focus on the tension between equality and equity and origins of tension between about private and public life. Attention to diversity, including race, class, and ethnicity, in women's experiences.
Virginia Drachman


HST. 33: Women in America since the 1950s [formerly Women in America since 1900]
Exploration of the progress and challenges in women's lives since the 1950s. An examination of the rise and decline of second-wave feminism, the enduring challenge of juggling women's public lives with domesticity, and the tension between equality and difference in advancing women's lives.
Virginia Drachman


HST. 34: African Americans in U.S. History Since 1865
[Cross-listed as AMER 96]
The history of African Americans from the end of the Civil War to the present. Special attention is devoted to African-American social, political, and economic life during Reconstruction; late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century protest efforts; the civil rights movement and concurrent manifestations of black nationalism and self-determination.


HST. 35: African Americans in the Post-Civil Rights Era
Examines African American history since 1975, paying particular attention to the social, political, economic, and cultural transformations blacks have made since the passage of the modern Civil Rights Movement. Topics include debates over Affirmative Action; the rise of black elected officials; the impact of Hip Hop; black urban crime and the prison industrial complex; the resurgence of black nationalism in black film and culture; the election of Barack Obama.
Peniel Joseph


HST. 36: Communities and Diversity in U.S. Social History
The historical construction of U.S. democratic pluralism in a civil society of diverse communities including comparisons with pluralism in other countries. Ethnicity, class, gender, race, nationalism, regionalism, religion, consumerism, and popular media in this process.
Reed Ueda


This course meets the following distribution requirements:
Please note: If more than one distribution area is listed, the course can be used to satisfy ONE area only.
Humanities
Social Sciences


HST. 40: China to the Opium War
A broad survey of China's political, social, economic, and cultural history to 1943. Ancient worldviews and philosophies, legitimacy and structure of the imperial system, identity and function of the social elite, evolving sense of Chinese identity.

This course meets the following distribution requirements:
Please note: If more than one distribution area is listed, the course can be used to satisfy ONE area only.
Humanities
Social Sciences

This course meets the World Civilization Requirement

This course meets the following culture options:
East Asian Culture and Diasporas
Instructor: TBA


HST. 40: History of Pre-Modern China
An introduction to aspects of the traditional society and culture of China from its mythological and archaeological origins to the end of the 17th century, examining important and fascinating developments in Chinese history, literature, philosophy, religion, and culture. An emphasis on learning how to read critically primary texts as well as visual and material sources.
Man Xu


HST. 41: Modern Chinese History
This course introduces students to the history of modern China from the dynamic seventeenth-century of the Ming Dynasty to the social backlash against market economic reforms of the 1980s. Lectures and discussions will provide a big picture survey of historical chronology and important historiographical debates in Chinese history, as well as opportunities for in-depth investigation into selected materials and topics that illuminate the everyday lives of Chinese people.
Man Xu


HST. 42: Japan to 1868 [formerly HST. 47]
Prehistoric times to the eve of the Meiji Restoration. Emphasis on early continental ties; Shinto, Buddhist, and Confucian traditions; Japanese feudalism; struggles for control of land and peasants; the changing composition of the ruling class; incipient capitalism of the Tokugawa period; breakdown of the Tokugawa order. Primary materials used in translation.
Gary Leupp


HST. 43: Japan from 1868 [formerly HST. 48]
From the eve of the Meiji Restoration to the twentieth century. Topics include the unequal treaties with Western powers, the Meiji Restoration, early industrialization, growth of the imperialist state, fascism, war, defeat, recovery, and recent role as a member of the Western camp.
Gary Leupp


HST. 46: Islam and the West
Going beyond the simplistic notion of a great civilization divide, this course lends historical depth and comparative context to the currently vexed relationship between Islam and the West. It puts both categories 'Islam' and 'the West' under the spotlight of searching analysis. After providing some essential background, the course concentrates on the colonial and post-colonial encounter between Muslim and Western societies and polities. It does so with particular but not exclusive reference to the South Asian subcontinent. Organized along both historical and thematic lines, the course studies both the domains of culture and politics, thought and practice, in their interaction in order to elucidate the aspects of dialogue, tension and confrontation between the worlds of Islam and the West. Ayesha Jalal


HST. 46: South Asia: 1000 to 2000 [formerly HST. 51]
Providing an overview of India' pre-modern and early modern history, the course concentrates on the changes and continuities in society, economy and polity during the period of British colonial rule from the mid-eighteenth to the mid-twentieth centuries. It examines the structure and ideology of British rule in India, the nature of subaltern resistance, the refashioning of social relations along lines of caste, class, community and gender, the different strands of anti-colonial nationalism and the dynamics of decolonization. Ayesha Jalal


HST. 47: South Asia in the 20th C [formerly HST. 53]
A comparative historical analysis of state structures and political processes in late-colonial and postcolonial South Asia, particularly India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Themes include the reasons for the partition of 1947, the nature of the colonial legacy, the origins of democracy and military authoritarianism, the history of development, the shifting balance between central and regional power, and the ongoing clash between so-called secular and religiously informed ideologies. Kris Manjapra


HST. 48: South Asia and the World [formerly HST. 144]
This course places South Asia in the context of global history from the eighteenth century until the present. The semester is structured into five units: the economics of colonization, nineteenth-century migrations, anti-colonial cosmopolitanism, global political ideologies, and postcolonial internationalism. How has globalization had an impact on South Asia economy, society and culture from the eighteenth century until today? Alternatively, how have South Asians influenced other societies through their travels and migrations? Major themes include indentured labor, the history of migrations to East Africa, the West Indies, North America and Europe, and the creation of immigrant identities. We also study anti-colonial resistance movements, the relationship between nationalism and internationalism, and contemporary South Asian involvement in organizations such as the United Nations. Kris Manjapra


HST. 50: History of Ancient Greece
(Cross-listed as CLS 37)
The historical development of ancient Greece and the interaction of society, politics, and culture in Greek civilization, from the Mycenaean civilization commemorated by Homer to the conquests of Alexander the Great and the diffusion of the Greek way of life in the succeeding Hellenistic Age. Special attention given to the relationship of the Greeks to other peoples of the ancient Mediterranean and Near East and to examination of literary and documentary sources.
R. Bruce Hitchner

This course meets the following distribution requirements:
Please note: If more than one distribution area is listed, the course can be used to satisfy ONE area only.
Humanities
Social Sciences


HST. 51: History of Ancient Rome
(Cross-listed as CLS 38)
The history of ancient Rome, tracing Rome's rise from an insignificant Italian community to the ruler of the Mediterranean world, and ending with the transfer of the imperial capital to Constantinople in A.D. 330. Emphasis on the interaction of Rome with various foreign peoples, and examination of literary and documentary sources.


HST. 52: Introduction to Christianity [formerly HST. 39.02]
(Cross-listed as REL 35)
This course surveys the development of Christianity from the first century to the present. We will study the key figures, events and issues that helped shape the Christian tradition in a variety of cultural, social and historical contexts. In addition to exploring the major ideas, institutions and practices associated with Christianity, we will pay close attention to the diverse forms and expressions that Christian faith and life have taken in different time periods and among a range of communities. This course meets the Humanities or Social Sciences distribution requirement. TBA


HST. 53: Europe to 1815 [formerly HST. 10]
Eastern and Western Europe from the decline of the Roman Empire in the West through the medieval era into early modern times, ending with a thorough examination of the background of the French Revolution and Napoleon. The religious, secular, economic, social, political, and diplomatic processes which have had a lasting impact on modern European institutions and developments. David Proctor


HST. 54: Europe since 1815 [formerly HST. 10]
The forces that shaped and characterized the history of Eastern and Western Europe from the Congress of Vienna into the contemporary era. Topics include nationalism, ethnic consciousness, the Industrial Revolution, political ideologies, the development of nation-states, Great Power diplomacy, the impact of the "Eastern Question," the disruptions of the First and Second World Wars, and the current conditions of the European states. David Proctor


HST. 54: Europe from the French Revolution to the Present
Broad-based introduction to the major themes and events of European history since the French Revolution, privileging primary source readings. Topics include revolution, class struggle, industrialization, nationalism, imperialism, the world wars, totalitarianism, genocide, the Cold War, decolonization, and immigration. The course also considers Europe's impact on the wider world, and how the wider world shaped European experience. David Proctor


HST. 55: Europe in the Early Middle Ages [formerly HST. 20]
Western Europe and the Mediterranean world from the late Roman Empire to the middle of the eleventh century. The decline of classical society and the emergence of a distinctively medieval world.

Topics: the propagation of Christianity, the appearance and early transformation of Western European kingship, the spread of manorialism and the development of a feudal system, the creation of knighthood and serfdom, the flowering of monasticism, and the production of early medieval art and literature. Steven Marrone


HST. 56: Europe in the High Middle Ages [formerly HST. 21]
Western Europe from the middle of the eleventh to the beginning of the fifteenth century, the period of the flowering and decline of medieval culture and society. Topics include the economic revolution of the twelfth century, the growth of towns and development of urban culture, the reform of the church, the challenge of heresy and the emergence of popular religion, the consolidation of knighthood and the creation of an ideal of chivalry, Scholasticism and vernacular literature, Romanesque and Gothic art and architecture, and the social and cultural crisis of the fourteenth century.
Steven Marrone


HST. 57: Renaissance and Reformation [formerly HST. 22]
Social and cultural developments in Europe from about 1350 to 1648. Topics include the development of humanism, the growth of courts and the city-state, innovations in arts and letters, the prominence of the bourgeoisie, Protestant revolution and Catholic reformation, the wars of religion, the discovery of the New World and the expansion of Europe, and the rise of nation-states.
Alisha Rankin


HST. 58: The Byzantines and Their World
(Cross-listed as Classics 39)
Examination of the history of the Byzantine Empire with emphasis on Byzantine interaction with and influence on the civilizations of Western, Eastern and Southeastern Europe, Armenia and the Middle East. Special attention to the influence of religion, art and ideas of political authority in the development of Byzantine civilization and the continuation of the Empire's legacy.
David Proctor

This course meets the following distribution requirements:
Please note: If more than one distribution area is listed, the course can be used to satisfy ONE area only.
Humanities
Social Sciences

This course meets the following culture options:
Classical Culture


HST. 59: Continent in Conflict: Europe's Twentieth Century
European society and politics in the turbulent twentieth century, 1914-2000. Primary source readings privilege eyewitness accounts of the World Wars, Fascism, Stalinism, the Holocaust, life in the Communist bloc, European withdrawal from overseas empires, the revolutions of 1989, tensions over immigration and migration, emergence of the EU.


HST. 60: Early and Imperial Russia [formerly HST. 27]
Eurasia and the origin of the East Slavs. The rise of Kiev and Russian Orthodoxy. The Mongol yoke and the rise of Muscovy. Autocracy and enserfment. Servile insurrections. Cultural schism. Muscovy as a European great power. Peter the Great and the service state. St. Petersburg. Gentry power and culture. The Fatherland War of 1812. The Decembrist movement and reaction. Westerners, Slavophiles, the intelligentsia. The failure of autocracy. (History 27, 28, and 29 are offered sequentially.) Daniel Mulholland


HST. 61: Revolutionary Russia [formerly HST. 28]
The era of reforms. Revolutionary responses. The Russian novel. The emergence of capitalism and of new classes. Revolution in 1905, and attempt at autocratic reform. Russia in the First World War. The revolutions of 1917, Bolshevism, and civil war. The New Economic Policy. The rise of Stalin. (History 27, 28, and 29 are offered sequentially). Daniel Mulholland


HST. 62: Modern Russia
The five-year plans, industrialization, collectivization, urbanization, and Cultural Revolution. The great terror. The Second World War. The Soviet Union as a hegemonic world power. High Stalinism and the cold war. Khrushchev and de-Stalinization. Brezhnev, détente, and stagnation. Perestroika, glasnost, and collapse. Rebirth of Russia. Daniel Mulholland


HST. 63: Modern Germany: Unification to Reunification [formerly HST. 31]
Germany since the 1840's unification attempts, unification under Bismarck's Germany, reunification after the fall of the Berlin Wall. World policy and world war. Weimar democracy and intellectual life. The National Socialist dictatorship. Defeat and reconstruction. The two Germanies. The rise of a new Germany in the world after 1989. Emphasis on social, cultural and intellectual history approaches. Kris Manjapra


HST. 64: Modern France and the French Empire
This course introduces students to the eventful political, social, and cultural history of modern France, beginning with the French Revolution. The course privileges primary source readings in its exploration of the central themes of French experience in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. These include revolution and reaction, social change, church and state conflict, colonization, urbanization, industrialization, victory and defeat in war, decolonization, immigration, and the legacies of empire-building. Elizabeth Foster


HST. 65: Great Britain and the British Empire
The growth of British world power in its domestic social, economic and political contexts. From the loss of the American colonies to the end of Empire after WWII. War, patriotism and the popular culture of imperialism. Decolonization, immigration and the search for a post-imperial identity. Howard Malchow


HST. 66: Spain and its Empire
Spanish history from late middle ages to mid-eighteenth century. Major topics include religious pluralism and religious conflict in Spain, the era of overseas expansion, indigenous resistance and adaptation to conquest, American silver and early globalization, slavery and freedom in the Americas, and Spain's era of imperial decline and resurgence in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Readings include primary sources and scholarly studies. Christopher Schmidt-Nowara


HST. 67: Modern Spain: Global Empire to European Union
Spain's uneven transition from global empire to member of European Union. Topics include Spain's War of Independence (1808-1814), domestic revolutions and constitutions, colonial wars and decolonization, economic and social changes, Spanish Civil War, Francoist dictatorship, and transition to democracy. Sources include scholarly studies, literature, and film. Christopher Schmidt-Nowara


HST. 68: Modern European Intellectual History
A survey of European Intellectual History from the late 19th century to the late 20th century, providing a comprehensive introduction to major landmarks in Continental philosophy and social theory. Consideration of the influence of social and political contexts, such as war, colonialism and internationalism on European thought. Beginning with Nietzsche, the course is divided into five units, devoting special attention to psychoanalysis, critical theory, existentialism, structuralism and post-modernism. Readings include Freud, Heidegger, the Frankfurt School, Levi-Strauss, Sartre, Fanon, Foucault and Derrida. We also consider the intersection of European discourses with movements of the colonial and post-colonial world. Kris Manjapra

This course meets the following distribution requirements:
Please note: If more than one distribution area is listed, the course can be used to satisfy ONE area only.
Humanities
Social Sciences


HST. 70: The Middle East to World War I
This lecture and discussion course introduces the student to the political and social history of the Middle East from Napoleon Bonaparte's expedition to Egypt in 1798 to the events during World War One. We will examine European interests and encroachments in the region; the tanzimat (reform) process in the Ottoman empire; the effort to modernize Egypt under Muhammad Ali; the region's incorporation into the larger world-economy; the development of an Islamic modernist response to the challenge of European power; the emergence of the 'constitutionalist' movement in the region and especially Iran; the evolving position of women and non-Muslims; and the emergence of nationalisms and other forms of identity, notably pan-Islamism, Turkism and Arabism. Professor Hugh Roberts

Suggested readings:

William Cleveland and Martin Bunton: A history of the modern Middle East, 4th edition

James L. Gelvin: The modern Middle East: a history, 3rd edition

Albert Hourani, Arabic thought in the liberal age, 1798-1939


HST. 71: The Middle East to World War I
This lecture and discussion course introduces the student to the political and social history of the Middle East from Napoleon Bonaparte's expedition to Egypt in 1798 to the events during World War One. We will examine European interests and encroachments in the region; the tanzimat (reform) process in the Ottoman empire; the effort to modernize Egypt under Muhammad Ali; the region's incorporation into the larger world-economy; the development of an Islamic modernist response to the challenge of European power; the emergence of the 'constitutionalist' movement in the region and especially Iran; the evolving position of women and non-Muslims; and the emergence of nationalisms and other forms of identity, notably pan-Islamism, Turkism and Arabism.
Professor Hugh Roberts


HST. 71: The Middle East and North Africa since World War I
This course will provide an introduction to the politics, society and culture of the Middle East and North Africa. It will examine the transformations that occurred following both WWI and WWII, the rise of anti-colonial nationalism and Islamism, the emergence of nation-states, the creation of the state of Israel and the evolution of the Arab-Israel conflict; and, since the end of the Cold War, the impact of globalisation and the development of democratic currents, feminist and minority rights movements and Islamist movements. Professor Hugh Roberts


HST. 72: The World of Islam [formerly HST. 65]
(Cross-listed as CR 192D)
Formation and spread of Islamic civilization from the prophet Muhammad to present. Founding of Islam, formation of Islamic institutions and culture. Spread of Islam through conquest and trade. Islamic communities and states in Africa, East and Southeast Asia, Europe, and America. Beatrice Manz


HST. 73: History of Iran
Emphasis on the modern period. Iran within the Muslim world, its emergence as a separate entity, the introduction of Shi'ism as a state religion. Western influences, modernization, the Iranian Revolution and the Islamic Republic.
Beatrice Manz

This course meets the following distribution requirements:
Please note: If more than one distribution area is listed, the course can be used to satisfy ONE area only.
Humanities
Social Sciences

This course meets the World Civilization Requirement.

This course meets the following culture options:
Middle Eastern Culture


HST. 74: Modern Armenia [formerly HST. 66]
The uses of history in the formation of Armenian identity, nation, and nationalism. The Armenians of the Ottoman Empire, Iran, India, and other host societies. A comparative study of the ideas of nationality and Ethnicity, with a focus on revolution, ideology, and identity. Linkages between the massacre of Armenian people in 1915 and other mass killings and genocide in the twentieth century (examples extend to Kosovo in 1999). Ina Baghdiantz McCabe


HST. 75: Caucasus & Armenia [formerly HST. 67]
The Soviet regime and its effects on ethnic identity and national sentiment in the Caucasus. Stalin's ideas and policies on nationality in the region. A diplomatic, economic, and socio-cultural history of Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and their Neighbors. Emphasis on ethnic conflict, nationalism, and nation-building in independent Armenia 1918-1920 and in post-Soviet Armenia, and on the international ramifications. Ina Baghdiantz McCabe


HST. 76: Ancient Egypt
(Cross-listed as CLS 26 and ARCH 26)
This survey course will focus on roughly 3,000 years of ancient Egyptian pharaonic civilization(3,000-332 B.C.). The emphasis will be on the material culture discovered along the banks of the Nile: ancient Egyptian pyramids, temples, tombs, settlements and cities, art masterpieces and artifacts. The course will follow a chronological path at least through the New Kingdom (1050 B.C.), with many excursions into Egyptian art, history, politics, hieroglyphs, and the development of the discipline of modern Egyptology. Several field trips to the collections of the Museum of Fine Arts will be included. Final paper topics may include opportunities to contribute to the MFA's new Giza Archives Project, creating on-line access to the archives from its excavations at the Giza Pyramids (1902-1942).
J. Matthew Harrington

This course meets the following distribution requirements:
Please note: If more than one distribution area is listed, the course can be used to satisfy ONE area only.
Arts
Humanities
Social Sciences

This course meets the World Civilization Requirement.

This course meets the following culture options:
African Culture and Diasporas
Classical Culture
Middle Eastern Culture


HST. 77: Egypt since 1952
Egyptian history since the Free Officers' coup in 1952. The social, economic, cultural and religious as well as political and diplomatic history of Egypt under Nasser, Sadat and Mubarak as well as the dynamics of the major crises – Suez, the Six-Day War in 1967, the War of October 1973, and the 2011 uprising. The Muslim Brothers and other currents of Islamic activism, the evolution of the Coptic community since 1952, the emergence of new opposition currents since 2002, the fall of Mubarak, the armed forces and the civilian political class and the coup of July 3, 2013.
Hugh Roberts


HST. 80: Special Topics: 1989
In 1989 as the Communist regime was unraveling in the Soviet Union its subalterns in Eastern Europe collapse, and with them the Cold War was abruptly ended. The libertarian impulse was not confined to Europe, however. In China the "democracy movement" rose up the gates of the Chinese Communist Party on the Tiananmen Square. The Apartheid government in South Africa was hollowed out from within and had to negotiate with the African National Congress for the release from jail of Nelson Mandele and a peaceful transition to majority rule. The military dictatorship of Pinochet in Chile gave way to democracy by plebiscite. How did these events impact upon one another? Were there consequences elsewhere? Daniel Mulholland


HST. 80: Enlightenment and Imperialism
Milestones in European intellectual history from the 17th to 19th centuries, studied in global context. Focus on relationship between Western thought and rise of modern European imperialism. Main developments in Western Enlightenment, Orientalism and history of science considered. German Idealism, Romanticism and the rise of Marxism. Race theories, Self versus Other, and ideologies of colonial rule. Attention to philosophical significance of, political implications of and non-Western reactions to Enlightenment thought.
Kris Manjapra


HST. 80: International Research Colloquium
[Cross-listed as INTR 91]

Mondays and Wednesdays 1:30 – 2:45
One Credit / Graded

This course encourages students to approach their study abroad or other international programs as opportunities to conduct quality research that might later form the basis of a senior project, research seminar or honors thesis. We recall and build upon the basic analytical and research skills introduced through the college writing requirement and the introductory / foundation courses in History and the various disciplines that comprise the International Relations Program. We go through the process of honing a research question, developing a literature review, developing an appropriate methodology and writing a research funding proposal. International research poses specific practical, security, ethical, and cultural challenges. We raise those issues as part of the research process from an initial exploration of a project to the completion of a research précis.
Historian Jeanne Marie Penvenne

Please NOTE this course is now offered as a full credit course for a grade.


HST 82 Special Topics Latin American
This class introduces students to the complex histories of Latinos in the United States. The first section of the class will focus on the historical roots of Latino communities, particularly along the region that today is the U.S.-Mexico border. The second part of this class analyzes the histories, cultures, and current socio-political realities of Latino communities in the United States beyond the border. The last segment of the class will focus on current issues affecting Latinos. By approaching the subject from these different perspectives and methodologies, and by using readings and texts that range from historical documents to television programs, this class will serve as a general introduction while avoiding homogenizing the rich and complicated details of Latino histories.


HST. 83: Cultural History of the African American Great Migration
In the half-century following World War I, more than five million African Americans left the American South, usually for cities in the North and West. This course will explore the connections between the history and cultural production of the African American Great Migrations that followed both World Wars, focusing primarily on urban metropolises like Chicago, New York, and Detroit. We will employ methods of close reading and contextualization from a variety of disciplinary perspectives – including history, literary and film criticism, sociology, ethnic studies, and cultural studies – in order to examine a variety of texts including photographs, maps, sociological surveys, oral histories, correspondence, novels, and plays. Among many others, we will address such questions as: What is the legacy of African American migration, both within the African American community and America more broadly? What role did gender, class, and space play in the migrations, and what clues does that offer about how African Americans experienced migration in a multitude of ways? How did Northern cities change as their African American populations more than doubled, and how did the Southern cities they left change as well? Methodologically, we will investigate how we can read cultural production historically, and how it might enrich or complicate other methodologies.
Brian McCammack


HST. 83: Faces of Community: Nation, Culture, and Region in the United States
What is a community? How were communities created by historical forces from the colonial era to the Cold War? What answers to these questions are provided by U.S. history when seen from a comparative perspective? Reed Ueda


HST. 83: History of Slavery and Race in the United States
This course takes a micro-historical approach to the history of slavery and race in the United States. Using biography, slave narratives, family history, literature, and film, we will examine how the historical forces of slavery and race shaped individual lives. We will consider how enslaved and free individuals experienced and negotiated the transformation of African identities in North America; growth of the plantation complex and rival geographies; development of racial categories and scientific racism; escape, resistance, and abolitionism; emancipation and the transition from slavery to freedom. Finally, we will engage the legacies and public history of American slavery today. Field


HST. 86: 1968
In 1968 there was a tsunami of world-epochal events, political, social, cultural. The world was being remade anew – or so it briefly seemed. The U.S. war in Vietnam, civil rights in the U.S. and elsewhere, student revolts, direct challenges to whatever the status quo may have been, cultural effervescence and defiance of established norms, youth culture run amok. We will look at some American phenomena, protests, assassinations, kids; the Cultural Revolution in Chinal the war in Viet Nam; near-revolution in Paris; near-liberation in the Prague Spring; fateful events in the Middle East; and a lot of other stuff. "The 60's" were not parochially American in their stretch, and we will follow them, to consider the question finally, "Was the Weltgeist at work or something more prosaic?" Daniel Mulholland


HST. 86: Modern Mexico
This course will explore the major moments and social movements in modern Mexican history from the Independence Wars of the early 19th century to the democratization movements of the late 20th century. Special attention will be paid to the Mexican Revolution, its origins, processes and legacies. In addition to reading key secondary sources, students will work closely with a wide variety of primary sources. Throughout the semester, the focus of the class will be on the politics of nation formation and the conflicts of class, race, ethnicity, gender and region that have shaped the political culture of present-day Mexico. Barbara Corbett


HST. 86: The U.S. in the World to World War I
Today we take for granted that the United States is the lead advocate for globalization, of spreading American-style culture and capitalism to the world. Yet such was not always the case. This course examines the United States' controversial rise to global status from its founding to the First World War. American expansionism from the late eighteenth century to the early twentieth can best be viewed within a global-imperial framework. The long nineteenth century witnessed the growth of modern globalization and imperialism. It was a time of volatile cultural exchange, imperial rivalry, massive industrialization, market expansion, immigration, and racial conflict. Alongside critically analyzing such major events and transformations in American foreign relations, we will therefore also examine their impact upon the international system, as well as the ways in which U.S. global interactions reshaped what it meant to be an American. Marc Palen


HST. 86-03/REL 192-27: Religion, Race & Nation in American History
AM C-LST: AMER 180-02

This course explores how the categories of race, religion and nation have been imagined in light of each other throughout American history. What social, cultural and political circumstances have shaped the meaning of these concepts and the perceived relationships among them in various historical settings? How have religions played a role in structuring, and/or in shifting racial identities and related ideas about American "civilization"? Conversely, in what ways have intersecting notions of race and citizenship influenced the development of American religious traditions, institutions and practices? In analyzing changing formations of nation, religion, and race in the United States, we will also examine how conceptions of citizenship and civilization have been inflected by ideas about class and gender. This course counts toward the Humanities distribution requirement. Heather Curtis / Rosemary Hicks


HST. 86: Medieval & Early Modern Spain: Pluralism to Absolutism
Spain from the era of the three religions to the global crisis of the Seven Years' War. Topics include religious coexistence and its limits; the Inquisition and religious intolerance; overseas expansion and colonization; early globalization; African slavery in Spain's American empire; and the clash with European rivals that led to Spain's decline and efforts at revival. Christopher Schmidt-Nowara


HST. 86: Modern Spain: From Global Empire to European Union
Introductory. Tracks Spain's uneven transition from a global empire to a member of the European Union from the late eighteenth until the early twenty-first centuries. Topics include Spain's War of Independence (1808-1814), domestic revolutions and constitutions, colonial wars and decolonization, economic and social changes, the Spanish Civil War, the Francoist dictatorship, and the transition to democracy. Sources include scholarly studies, literature, and film. Part of a two-semester sequence with Spain and its Empire but also stands alone. Christopher Schmidt-Nowara


HST. 86: Empresses, Saints & Scholars: The Women of Byzantium
(Cross-listed as Classics 86)
Pulcheria, Irene, Theophano, Theodora, St. Mary of Egypt, Anna Comnena -- women who helped shape empires, the Christian religion, the discipline of history. In the lives of these and other women of Byzantium are reflections and commentaries on ideas as varied as political legitimacy, spirituality, education, the spread of Byzantine culture, and the evolution of Christian theology. Though the focus will be on the Byzantines, the course will also examine Byzantine influences on and interactions with the peoples of Eastern, Western and Southeastern Europe and the Middle East. Satisfies the Classics Culture Option and the Humanities or Social Sciences Distribution Requirement. David Proctor


HST. 87: Egypt Since 1952
This course examines Egyptian history since the Free Officers' coup in 1952. It considers the social, economic, cultural and religious as well as political and diplomatic history of Egypt under Nasser, Sadat and Mubarak as well as the dynamics of the major crises – Suez, the Six-Day War in 1967, the War of October 1973, and the 2011 revolution. The course also studies the Muslim Brothers and other currents of Islamic activism, the evolution of the Coptic community since 1952, the emergence of new opposition currents since 2002, and the development of the revolution since the fall of Mubarak. Professor Hugh Roberts


HST. 87: The Ottoman Empire
This course will offer an overview of the Ottoman Empire since its emergence until its demise after World War I. We will explore how Empires contribute to technology, military sciences and literature, through the study of the Ottomans. We will study the relationship between the Empire and some of its provinces. Further, the Tanzimat period will be examined as it yielded new ideas to emerge in the Middle East. Karam Dana


HST. 90: The World in Motion: Migration as a Force for Historical Change
Migration as a factor in historical studies. Examines the role of migrations in empires, frontiers and borderlands, slavery and indentured labor, oceanic history, industrialization, urbanization, intra-state conflict, and globalization. Reed Ueda


HST. 90: Foundation Seminar: Muslims in America
This class provides a survey of Muslims living in the US, and the historic journey of this religion/culture and its eventual settlement in the western world and North America. We will explore the diversity of Islam in America, and the variations between Islam in the US and other parts of the world. Discussions over gender roles, transnational ties, radical versus moderate Islam will be examined and explored. The larger question posed by the class deals with the compatibility between Islam as a religion and a culture, and modernity and western democracy. Karam Dana


HST. 90: British Empire and American Nation, from the Revolution to Pearl Harbor

A foundation seminar which will use the transatlantic cultural and political history of the British Empire and the United States to examine ways historians pose questions, search for evidence, and create a narrative. The course will emphasize contrasting British and American perspectives of each other in evolving what would become their “special relationship.” Graded course requirements will include active participation in weekly discussions and four short (ca 5pp) papers. There are no prerequisites; the course is open to any undergraduate with an interest in exploring this topic.
Howard Malchow

For History majors, the course will fulfill the foundation seminar requirement, as well as one of the following field requirements: Transregional, US, or European history.

For IR majors, the course will fulfill:
TC1A: History [Europe],
TC6B: History [Empire /Colonization /Globalization], and
TC5: US in World Affairs.

Required Readings [in addition to a variety of short readings on Tisch Reserve and Trunk]:

  • Howard Temperley, BRITAIN AND AMERICA SINCE INDEPENDENCE (chs. 1-7).
  • Amanda Foreman, A WORLD ON FIRE
  • Andrew Roberts, A HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH-SPEAKING PEOPLES SINCE 1900 (chs. 1-8)
  • Bernard Porter, EMPIRE AND SUPEREMPIRE (chs. 1-2)
  • Charles Dickens, AMERICAN NOTES (1842)


HST. 91: African Foundation Seminar: Seeking Gendered Perspectives
This course addresses the historiography, theory and methods of African history with special attention to women, men, youth and children in Southern Africa We will survey themes around gender, sexuality, labor, culture, age, urban society and politics, and engage theoretical analyses of Southern Africa's recent past. Course materials include scholarly readings, documentary films, photographs, literature, poetry, interviews and a range of digital, print and object primary sources including: ALUKA digital archive, "Struggles for Freedom in Southern Africa," and Michigan State University's "African Activist Archive Project." Course counts for World Civilization Requirement, Entryway for Africana, History & Int'l Relations fields.
Jeanne Marie Penvenne


HST. 92:
Course description to be posted soon.


HST.93: Foundation Seminar: Nation, Region, and Community in the U.S.
The creation of American nationhood out of diverse communities in multiple regions from colonization to the era of globalization. The role of symbols, art, music, ethnicity, class, gender, generation, race, civil society, nationalism, regionalism, religion, and consumerism in this process. Reed Ueda


HST. 93: Black Panther Party
This course examines the impact, legacy, and historical significance of the most iconic radical political organization to emerge from the social movements of the 1960s. Armed with guns, law books, and dangerously charismatic swagger, The Black Panthers transformed the very aesthetics of political activism in the 1960s and 1970s through both armed confrontation, revolutionary polemics, and social programs that remained the black underclass living in urban ghettoes as radical warriors on the edge of an incipient political revolution. In the process they energized and inspire the New Left, Puerto Rican, Chicano, and Native American radicals and revolutionaries around the world.
Peniel Joseph


HST. 93: The Great Crisis: Depression, Total War, and Cold War
Three critical eras—the Great Depression, World War II, and the start of the Cold War—constitute a hinge moment in the global history of the 20th Century. However, historians commonly treat each as separate epochs. Emphasizing new historical perspectives and methodologies this course will explore the three as one interrelated crisis. Big interlocking questions about ideology, the shape of society, the individual, and the composition of the international system were argued with means ranging from propaganda to total war. The outcomes of these disputes left the outlines of the world we live in today. By repositioning our understanding of these vital events, the course explores how different styles and methods of writing history can lead to new understandings of well-known historical events. We will also critically discuss how historical research can support different assertions on the same issue. Beyond basics of craft, a goal of the course is to expose them to the plural nature of history and historical debate.
David Ekbladh


HST. 93: Girlhood in the 1950s
This course will examine girlhood and coming of age from the post-World War II era to the early 1960s, before the rise of the second wave of feminism.

Course Requirements:

  • Attendance and active participation in weekly class meetings
  • Leading one class discussion.
  • Three essays, 5-7 double-spaced pages each. Hard copy to be submitted.

Virginia Drachman


HST. 93: Courtship in America
This course explores the search for love and sex. It begins in the early 20th century when Victorian values defined the rules of courtship, examines the rise and evolution of dating throughout the century and explores contemporary social and sexual behavior in historical context. Research projects will be based on documents in the Tufts archives. Virginia Drachman


HST. 93: The Black Power Movement
A study of the Black Power Movement's promotion of racial pride, self-determination, and revolution in American society and abroad.This course examines the Black Power Movement in American society from 1955-1975. Black Power scandalized much of the nation in the 1960s and became associated with a new racial and political militancy that seemed to turn its back on Martin Luther King's philosophy of non-violence.

This seminar explores the movement's relationship with civil rights leaders and organizations and pays particular attention to the role of figures such as Malcolm X, Stokely Carmichael, and groups such as the Black Panthers. We will also examine the movement's impact on feminism, the New Left, the Great Society, and local, regional, and national struggles for social and political justice. Peniel Joseph


HST. 93: The New Woman in American Society
This seminar will examine the rise of the New Woman in American society as women in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries turned away from the gender differences that defined Victorian womanhood and strived for equality with men, seeking higher education, careers, and equality in their personal lives as well. Virginia Drachman


HST. 93: Women on the Home Front in World War II
This course explores women on the homefront during World War II. It examines the prescribed roles for women during the war as well as the actual opportunities and changes woman encounter in their public activity and private lives. Virginia Drachman


HST. 93: Bowling Alone? American Communities
What is a community, how is it formed, and who belongs? Exploration of these questions through a study of types of community in the U. S., utilizing historical and comparative perspectives on imperial settlers, labor migrants, middlemen groups, cultural corridors, local communities, national community, generations, subcultures and minorities. Reed Ueda


HST. 93: The New Deal's Global History
This course introduces historiography and historical writing through an exploration of the complicated and contested evolution of the New Deal.

While it has remained a byword for reform in U.S. public life, its broader international origins, connections, and missions largely have been forgotten or ignored. By reading and critically evaluating works of history on these diverse facets, students will see there was not one New Deal but many, with numerous legacies, including those that continue to be debated today. We will explore how different styles and methods of writing history and a variety of perspectives lead to very different histories of one particular historical issue. Beyond basics of craft, a goal of the course is to expose them to the plural nature of history and historical debate. David Ekbladh


HST. 94: Japanese History through Literature
This course covers 13 centuries of Japanese history, as represented in works of literature, in English translation. We will study and discuss these works primarily as historical sources, rather than objects of literary criticism, carefully considering their value and limitations as such, and sampling the genres of mytho-history, religious didactic work, the diary, warrior-epic, puppet-play, novel and auto-biography. This is not a lecture course, but the instructor will introduce each work, and place each in historical context. A general familiarity with Japanese history will be assumed; students lacking this will be referred to an appropriate textbook for background reading. Students will be provided with English-language bibliographies dealing with the assigned texts (or texts in the same category) and their use as historical sources. Leupp


HST. 94: Religion in Japanese History
[Cross-listed as Religon 136]
Traces development of religious ideas and institutions from prehistory to the present, stressing connections to broad socioeconomic and cultural trends. Topics include Buddhism, Shinto, Confucianism, Christian missions, and new religions. Gary Leupp


HST. 95: Comparative Anti-Colonialism
This course offers a comparative study of "anti-colonialism", or the politics and ideologies aimed at ending European colonial rule in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Our study will span the decades from the 1850s to the 1970s, as we compare varieties of anti-colonial action in colonial India, the Dutch East Indies (especially Indonesia), Vietnam and Algeria. Special attention will be given to the role of social class in defining strategies of resistance, the tension between radicalism versus reformism, the history of European imperial competition, counter-insurgency, and the many coalitions that developed between colonial politicians and European anti-colonial activists. A number of small-group projects during the semester will culminate in the research paper at the end of the course.
Kris Manjapra


HST. 95: Labor History across South Asia and the Caribbean
Comparative study of the "the planation complex", including labor, migration, commodities and modes of domination across South Asia and the Caribbean in the context of the 19th-century British empire. Slavery, indentured labor, coolies and agrarian revolt. Women's labor and colonial ideas about reproductive power. Commercial agriculture, and the rise of legal and ecclesiastical institutions to manage a global colonial division of labor. Special attention to social and cultural interactions between populations of Indian and African descent, including food, religion and music.
Kris Manjapra


HST. 96: Foundation Seminar: The Body and Sexuality in Premodern Europe
This foundation seminar examines the varying ways in which the human body and sexuality were construed in Europe from the Middle Ages through the Enlightenment. We will start with a discussion of the historian's role when studying bodies and sexualities in the past. What assumptions do we have to leave behind in order to understand the way people related to their bodies in pre-modern Europe? How are the body and sexuality linked? We will then explore the variety of approaches to the body, sex difference, and sexuality, and the way those ideas changed throughout the early modern period. Topics covered include medical and cultural meanings of sex difference; the purified religious body; the new anatomy and the body; homosexuality; cross-dressing and sexual identity; sexual deviance; and witchcraft and sexuality.
Alisha Rankin


HST. 96: Foundation Seminar: France in WWII
This course examines one of the most traumatic epochs in modern French history: France's devastating defeat in 1940 and the country's subsequent trajectory under German occupation and the Vichy regime. Students will evaluate the experiences of people in France and its colonies between 1940 and 1944 through translated primary sources, but they will also wrestle with some of the great historiographical debates surrounding this period, including the extent of French collaboration with and resistance to the Germans, and the relationship between history and memory. Some knowledge of modern European and French history is helpful, but not required.
Elizabeth Foster


HST. 96: Hitler: Biography as History
A course on biography as a genre of historical writing, the enormous variety of interpretive variations biographers can impose on their subjects, and the distinctions between biography and more analytical forms of historical discourse. All this, of course, using Adolf Hitler as the example. Daniel Mulholland


HST. 96: Food and Society
A socio-economic history of food as a window into everyday life. An exploration of global cross-cultural material exchange related to culinary history, food production, and the politics of food from haute cuisine to fast food. An examination of food. Family and gender through cookbooks, domesticity and health. Topics include: cross-cultural exchanges, nutrition, table manners, eating habits, origins of dieting, history of taste, and the history of restaurants. Special focus on U.S. Europe, and Asia.
Ina Baghdiantz McCabe


HST. 96: Popular Culture in Europe 1300-1600
The course will focus on elements of European culture in the late medieval and early modern period outside the precincts of the ruling elites. Of interest will also be the cultural relationship between elites and the people at large. Critical examination of the ways of formulating historical arguments will be emphasized, and readings will consist of entire books of history. Steven Marrone


HST. 96: History of the Book
This class traces the development of the European book from medieval manuscripts to the focus on the book in the Renaissance. The main topics discussed will be: the book before print; the social, technical and economic developments that led to the invention of print; the aftermath of printing and the spread of the book trade; "print culture" and the extent of its effects on religious, scientific, and social changes in the Renaissance; developments in printing and the book trade through the nineteenth century; and the effects of the internet on the book and printing. Throughout the class we will discuss the impact of digitalization on studying the book in pre-modern Europe. In addition to teaching students the subject material of book history, as a Foundation seminar, this class will also impart crucial historical skills. Students will learn to use different kinds of primary sources, to distinguish between primary and secondary sources, to examine secondary sources carefully for the author's argument, to use Tufts' rare books collection, and to create a set of sources for writing a history paper. Our series of short assignments aim to build these skills.

HST. 97: Arab Nationalism in the 20th Century
This course will explore the concept of Arab Nationalism in the Arabic-speaking world, and its connection to various political and historical events in the 20th Century. We will trace the emergence of the phenomenon on the 19th Century, and explore its impact on the people of the Arabic-speaking world. Further, we will discuss the triumph, and failure of Arab Nationalism in the Arab Middle East. The clash between the secular principles of Arab Nationalism and Islam-inspired political voices will be discussed at length.
Karam Dana


HST. 97: Foundations Seminar: Men, Women and Patriarchy in the Middle East
Contact instructor to enroll.
Patriarchy and gender in the Middle East from the rise of Islam. Topics include women and marriage in the Qur'an, Islamic tradition and law; the impact of patriarchy on the lives of men and women; honor killing; issues of women and family in contemporary Islamic states.
Beatrice Manz


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