Working Group on Development
The Working Group on Development and Environment in the Americas, founded in 2004, brings together economic researchers from several countries in the Americas who have carried out empirical studies of the social and environmental impacts of economic liberalization. The Working Group’s goal is to contribute empirical research and policy analysis to the ongoing policy debates on national economic development strategies and international trade. The Working Group held its inaugural meeting in Brasilia, March 29-30, 2004.
Based on its initial conference in Brasilia, the Working Group has written a policy report drawing out the lessons for trade, development, and environmental policy from eight country studies. Published by the Heinrich Böll Foundation and released July 15, 2004, in Washington, the report calls into question prevailing political arguments that rapid integration into the world economy will automatically lead to environmental improvement. As the report makes clear, economic liberalization in the Americas has a poor record in promoting economic growth and environmental protection. The Working Group calls for increased attention to environmental safeguards and capacity-building in the liberalization process.
The 56-page report, with executive summary, summaries of the eight country
studies, and policy recommendations, is available in English, with Spanish
and Portuguese translations in process. The full papers on which the report
is based are available as Working Group Discussion Papers below.
"Trade, Environment and Development: The Brazilian Experience,"
Luciana Togeiro de Almeida, Mário Ferreira Presser, Stela Luiza
de Mattos Ansanelli. Working Group Discussion Paper DP01, June
“Trade, Foreign Investment and the Environment: The Brazilian
Experience,” Carlos Eduardo Frickmann Young. Working
Group Discussion Paper DP02, June 2004. Download
“Trade, Environment and Development: The Recent Argentine
Experience," Daniel Chudnovsky. Working Group Discussion
Paper DP03, June 2004. Download
“The Environmental Costs of Agricultural Trade Liberalization:
Mexico-U.S. Maize Trade Under NAFTA,” Alejandro Nadal and
Timothy A. Wise. Working Group Discussion Paper DP04, June 2004.
“Trade Liberalization in Chile: What is the Evidence of
Its Effects and How Can Sustainable Development Be Safeguarded?”
Nicola Borregaard.Working Group Discussion Paper DP05, June 2004.
“Economic Integration and the Environment in Mexico: Lessons
for Future Trade Agreements,” Kevin P. Gallagher. Working
Group Discussion Paper DP06, June 2004.
“Economic Integration and the Environment in El Salvador”,
Herman Rosa. Working Group Discussion Paper DP07, June 2004.
“The Relationship Between Trade and Sustainable Development
of Agriculture in Central America”, Carlos Pomareda and
Carlos Murillo. Trade Knowledge Network, IISD and ICTSD, August 2003.
“Does Foreign Direct Investment Work For Sustainable Development?
A case study of the Brazilian pulp and paper industry,”
Sueila dos Santos Rocha and Luciana Togeiro de Almeida. Working Group Discussion Paper DP08, March 2007. Download paper.
Hernán Blanco is Executive Director, Research and Resources for Sustainable Development (RIDES) in Chile, an independent research center promoting public and private policy on sustainable development. Blanco is a leading expert on methodologies for sustainability assessments of trade agreements and has conducted numerous assessments of the Chilean mining and fisheries sectors. He is the recent co-editor of The FTAA and the Environment: Ideas from Latin America, and MERCOSUR and the Environment. Web page: http://www.rides.cl
Nicola Borregaard is Advisor to the Chilean Minister of Economy and Energy. Prior to this assignment she was Executive Director of Research and Resources for Sustainable Development (RIDES), a Chilean research institute. She has worked as Head of the Department for Environmental Economics at the Chilean National Commission on Environment, as Executive Director of the Center on Environmental Research and Planning (CIPMA), as consultant to international and national agencies, and as university lecturer in Chile and in Germany.
Daniel Chudnovsky is an Argentine economist who is professor at the University of San Andrés and Director of the Centro de Investigaciones para la Transformación (CENIT) in Buenos Aires. He worked for several years in the Technology Division of UNCTAD in Geneva and was the first Director of the Centro de Economía Internacional in Buenos Aires. He has published widely on trade, industrial restructuring, foreign direct investment, regional integration, environment and technology issues, mostly in relation to Latin America. Web page: http://www.fund-cenit.org.ar
Kevin P. Gallagher, co-chair of the Working Group, is a research associate at the Global Development and Environment Institute, Tufts University and assistant professor of international economics in the Department of International Relations at Boston University. His most recent books are Free Trade and the Environment: Mexico, NAFTA, and Beyond, and International Trade and Sustainable Development. Web page: http://ase.tufts.edu/gdae
Carlos Murillo is a professor of political economy at the National University of Costa Rica and research director at the university’s International Center for Economic Policy for Sustainable Development (CINPE). Specializing in international trade and the environment, he served in the Costa Rican government as Vice Minister for Foreign Trade. He is the recent co-editor of The FTAA and the Environment: Ideas from Latin America. Web page: http://www.cinpe.una.ac.cr
Alejandro Nadal is a professor of economics at El Colegio de México, in Mexico City, where he coordinates the Science, Technology and Development Program. He has published extensively in the economics of technical change and innovation, agriculture and environment, as well as economic theory. He is the author of The Environmental and Social Impacts of Economic Liberalization on Corn Production in Mexico. Web page: http://www.colmex.mx/programas/procientec/index.htm
Hermán Rosa is the director of the Research Program
on Development and the Environment (PRISMA) in El Salvador. PRISMA seeks
to build consensus for development strategies that are viable, environmentally
sensible, and socially inclusive in El Salvador. Rosa’s most recent
report is “Rural Poverty and the Environment in El Salvador: Lessons
for Sustainable Livelihoods.”
Luciana Togeiro de Almeida serves as the co-chair of the Working Group. She is a professor in the Department of Economics at Sao Paulo State University and former President of the Brazilian Society for Ecological Economics. She has published widely on trade and sustainable development and has served as a consultant and advisor to the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment.
Timothy A. Wise is Director of the Research and Policy Program at the Global Development and Environment Institute, Tufts University. He is the former executive director of Grassroots International, a Boston-based international aid organization, and co-editor of Confronting Globalization: Economic Integration and Popular Resistance in Mexico and A Survey of Sustainable Development: Social and Economic Dimensions. Web page: http://ase.tufts.edu/gdae
Carlos Eduardo Frickman Young is Professor of economics at the Institute of Economics, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, and former President of the Brazilian Society for Ecological Economics, Brazil. He currently serves on the board of directors of the International Society for Ecological Economics. He has published widely on the effects of trade and investment liberalization in Brazil’s industrial and forestry sectors.
This web page is hosted by the Global Development and Environment
Institute (GDAE) at Tufts University in the United States, one of the
sponsors of the Working Group.