Research

Latino Family Involvement in Low-Income DLL Children's Education

With Dr. Gigliana Melzi (New York University)

Funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and by the National Institutes of Health, this project, conducted in collaboration with Gigliana Melzi, PhD, examined the family engagement practices of low-income, Latino families with young children in the U.S.. The goal of this study was to identify low-income, Latino parents' conceptualizations of their engagement with children's education, learning, and development and then to link these culture-contextualized dimensions of family engagement to children's school readiness in the areas of language development and social-emotional competency.

The major outcome of this project has been the creation of a family engagement measure in both Spanish and English for low-income, Latino families of preschool-aged children. The Parental Engagement of Families from Latino Backgrounds Questionnaire [PEFL- English] and el Cuestionario de Participación Educativa de Familias Latinas [PEFL- Spanish] is a 43-item Likert-type measure of parental engagement designed for and validated with Latino Head Start families. The PEFL explores four dimensions of parental engagement found to be salient among low-income Latino families and related to children's school readiness: Foundational Education, Supplemental Education, School Participation, and Future-oriented Teaching.

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For more information on this line of research, please read:

*Indicates student co-author

McWayne, C. M., & Melzi, G. (2008). Developing a parent-derived measure of Latino family involvement. The Evaluation Exchange, 14 (1&2), 30. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Family Research Project.

McWayne, C., Melzi, G., *Schick, A. R., *Kennedy, J. L., & *Mundt, K. (2013). Defining family engagement among Latino Head Start parents: A mixed-methods measurement development study. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 28, 593-607.

McWayne, C. M., & Melzi, G. (2014). Validation of a culture-contextualized measure of family engagement in the early learning of low-income Latino children. Journal of Family Psychology, 28, 260-266.

*Mundt, K., Gregory, A., Melzi, G., & McWayne, C. M. (2015). The influence of ethnic match on Latino school-based family engagement. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 37, 170-185.

McWayne, C. M., Manz, P. H., & Ginsburg-Block, M. D. (2015). Examination of the Family Involvement Questionnaire-Early Childhood (FIQ-EC) with Low-Income, Latino Families of Young Children: An Application of Rasch Modeling. International Journal of School & Educational Psychology, 3(2), 1-18.

McWayne, C. M. (2015). Family-school partnerships in a context of urgent engagement: Rethinking models, measurement, and meaningfulness. In S. Sheridan (Ed.), Research on Family-School Partnerships: An Interdisciplinary Examination of State of the Science and Critical Needs (pp. 105-124). Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.

McWayne, C. M., Melzi, G., *Limlingan, M. C., & Schick, A. (2016). Ecocultural patterns of family engagement among low-income Latino families of preschool children. Developmental Psychology, 52 (7), 1088-1102.

McWayne, C. M., *Foster, B., & Melzi, G. (under advanced review). Culturally embedded measurement of low-income Latino caregivers' engagement in preschool: A Tale of two forms of engagement. Early Education and Development.

Selected Presentations:

McWayne, C., & Melzi, G. (2010, June). Family involvement and school readiness: Developing a parent-derived measure with Latino Head Start families. Part of the Evaluar, Entender, Ensenar: Variations of the English Language Learners' Head Start University Partnerships 2007-2010 symposium presentation (Chair: DeCourcey, W.) at Head Start's Tenth National Research Conference: Research on Young Children and Families: Launching the Next Decade for Policy and Practice. Washington, DC.

McWayne, C., & Melzi, G. (2011, April). An emic approach to create a family involvement measure for Latino parents. Paper presented in the symposium entitled: Developing culturally-sensitive measures for ethnically-diverse families using mixed-methods approaches (Chair: Melzi, G.). 2011 Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development. Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

McWayne, C., Melzi, G., & *Kennedy, J. (2011, April). Low-income Latino parents' conceptualizations of family involvement in their preschool children's development and education. Paper presented in the symposium entitled: Diverse conceptions of parental involvement and advocacy among Latino families of school-aged children (Chair: Durand, T.) at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development. Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Melzi, G., McWayne, C., & *Schick, A. R. (2012, February). Family involvement and the emergent literacy skills of dual-language Latino children. Poster presented at the 2012 Society for Research in Child Development Themed Meeting: Positive Development of Minority Children. Tampa, FL.

McWayne, C., Melzi, G., *Kennedy, J., *Mundt, K., & *Schick, A. (2012, June). Latino parents' conceptualizations of family involvement in their children's preschool education. Part of the New learning and future directions for dual language learners: Recommendations from the ELL Consortium projects (2007-2010) symposium presentation (Chair: Mendez, Julia.) at Head Start's Eleventh National Research Conference: Research on Young Children and Families: Effective Practices in and Age of Diversity and Change. Washington, DC.

McWayne, C., & Melzi, G. (2012, June). Developing a parent-derived measure of Latino family involvement: A mixed methods approach with Head Start families. Part of the The road less traveled: Measurement development responsive to the increasingly culturally and linguistically diverse Head Star population symposium presentation (Chair: Lopez, Michael.) at Head Start's Eleventh National Research Conference: Research on Young Children and Families: Effective Practices in and Age of Diversity and Change. Washington, DC.

McWayne, C., Melzi, G., *Limlingan, M., & Schick, A. (April 2013). Patterns of Family Engagement for Low-Income Latino Families of Preschool Children and their Relation to School Readiness. Paper presentation at the Society for Research in Child Development Conference, Seattle, WA.

McWayne, C., & Melzi, G. (2014, April). Family engagement in children's early learning among low-income Latino caregivers: The validation of a culture-contextualized measure. Paper presented as part of the symposium entitled, "Advancements in assessing the early educational experiences of diverse children and families living in poverty" (Chair: John Fantuzzo). American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting. Philadelphia, PA.

*Hyun, S., *Limlingan, M. C., McWayne, C., & Melzi, C. (2014, July). Patterns of Family Engagement for Low-Income Latino Head Start Families and their Link to Children's Peer Play Interaction. Paper presented as part of the symposium entitled, "Identifying Social Competence to Foster Resilience in Latino Low-income Preschoolers: Ecocultural Perspectives on Social Development" (Chair: Julia Mendez Smith). 12th National Head Start Research Conference. Washington, D.C.

McWayne, C., & Melzi, G. (2014, August). Patterns of family engagement for low-income Latino families of preschool children and their relation to school readiness. Paper presented as part of the symposium entitled, "The influence of culture and context on family-school partnerships" (Chair: Sue Sheridan). American Psychological Association Annual Conference. Washington, D.C.

*Foster, B. (Chair), McWayne, C., & Melzi, G. (2016, July). Validity explorations in culturally-situated measures designed to promote preschool children's school readiness. Poster symposium at the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) National Research Conference on Early Childhood. Washington, DC.