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The ability to entrain chemistries in multiple formats of silk (and other biopolymer) materials enables the development of unique chemical interfaces for sensing applications. We are interested in designing new interfaces for this purpose by exploiting the fabrication technologies available in our laboratories and the versatility of silk’s polymorphism.

This has led to functional substrates for photonics and electronics, inkjet printable formats, and functional nanostructures for cellular interfaces.


Bioactive silk protein biomaterial systems for optical devices. Biomacromolecules, 2008. 9(4): p. 1214-1220.

A new route for silk. Nature Photonics, 2008. 2(11): p. 641-643

Spectral analysis of induced color change on periodically nanopatterned silk films. Optics Express, 2009. 17(23): p. 21271-21279.

Biocompatible Silk Printed Optical Waveguides. Advanced Materials, 2009. 21(23): p. 2411

Rapid Nanoimprinting of Silk Fibroin Films for Biophotonic Applications. Advanced Materials, 2010. 22(15): p. 1746

Optically induced birefringence and holography in silk. Journal of Polymer Science Part B-Polymer Physics, 2012. 50(4): p. 257-262

Low-threshold blue lasing from silk fibroin thin films. Applied Physics Letters, 2012. 101(9).

Silk inverse opals. Nature Photonics, 2012. 6(12): p. 817-822.

Implantable, multifunctional, bioresorbable optics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2012. 109(48): p. 19584-19589

Synthesis and characterization of biocompatible nanodiamond-silk hybrid material. Biomedical Optics Express, 2014. 5(2): p. 596-608.

Fabrication of Tunable, High-Refractive-Index Titanate-Silk Nanocomposites on the Micro-and Nanoscale, Advanced Materials, 2015. 27(42): p. 6728

bacteria detecting glove

skin mounted sensors

silk opals